Analysing Structures of Interregional Migration in England

Analysing Structures of Interregional Migration in England

James Raymer (University of Southampton, United Kingdom) and Corrado Giulietti (University of Southampton, United Kingdom)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-755-8.ch015
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Abstract

In this chapter, we explore the age and ethnic structures of interregional migration in England, as measured by the 1991 and 2001 Censuses. In doing so, we first analyse the main effect and two-way interaction components of migration flow tables cross-classified by (1) origin, destination and age and (2) origin, destination and ethnicity. Second, we test the significance of three-way interaction terms over time by comparing various unsaturated log-linear model fits. The aim is to identify the key structures in the migration flow tables and how they have changed over time. This is important for understanding the mechanisms underlying the more general patterns of migration. These analyses could also be used to inform the estimation or projection of migration flows. Our findings are that, despite a large increase in the levels of interregional migration, migration structures in England have remained fairly stable over time. The main changes have to do with the increases in the relative levels of ethnic migration over time, which has been unequal across space.
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Analysing Migration Structures

A sequence of recent papers have set out an analytical framework for describing and estimating the age and spatial structures of internal migration, represented by a multiplicative log-linear model (Raymer et al., 2006; Raymer and Rogers, 2007; Rogers et al., 2002; Rogers et al., 2001; 2002b; 2003). This chapter adds to that research by in two ways. First, the structures of migration are examined for interregional migration in England over time to identify both continuity and change. Second, the analytical framework is extended to include migration by age and ethnicity, providing a better understanding of population change and redistribution. Studies of age and ethnic differences in the migration patterns of England have been explored in previous studies (see, for example, Bates and Bracken, 1982; 1987, for age-specific migration and Finney and Simpson, 2008; Stillwell and Duke-Williams, 2005, for ethnic-specific migration patterns). We extend this work by analysing the underlying (multiplicative) structures of these patterns.

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