Analysis of Food Security Policy by Participatory Poverty Assessment (PPA) Effort: Case in Indonesia

Analysis of Food Security Policy by Participatory Poverty Assessment (PPA) Effort: Case in Indonesia

Muhamad Rusliyadi (Polytechnic of Agricultural Development Yogyakarta Magelang, Indonesia), Azaharaini Hj. Mohd. Jamil (College IGS Brunei Darussalam, Brunei) and Muhammad Anshari (Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2257-8.ch006

Abstract

This chapter evaluates food security policies and extension policies to the achievement of targets and the results of a development programme such as Food Self Sufficiency village (DMP) used Participatory Poverty Assessments (PPA). The output obtained is information that is an evaluation of how the policy was planned, initiated, and implemented. Participatory Poverty Assessments (PPA) monitoring and evaluation analyse the outcome and impact of the DMP Programme. The output of the PPA process from this chaper is the agricultural policy formulated in terms of practical ways of approaching poverty problems from a local perspective. The success of alternative policy options applied by local government such us Physical, Human Resources, Institution development at the grassroots level should be adopted at the national level. It should represent the best example of a case of successful programme implementation at the grassroots level which can then be used in formulating national policies and strategies.
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Background

PPA initiates a participatory method that thrives in the viewpoint of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA). They become key to mechanisms for advance policy agency by embodiment of the community’s participation. PRA has been seen as a family of approaches and methods to enable local people to share and analyse their knowledge of life and conditions, and to plan and to act (Chambers, 1994). It emerged in the early 1990s, building on insights and methodological innovations from various study methods. Agro-ecosystem analysis provided the series of diagramming, mapping, scoring and grading methods of the different natural processes; insight provided by the work of practical and development anthropologists and those of field research in farming systems emphasised villagers’ capability in conducting their own personal analysis; and most notably there was the development of Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) (Laderchi, 2001).

Key Terms in this Chapter

LKD: Lembaga Keuangan Desa (Microfinancial Village Institusional)

AG: Affinity Group

FVT: The Village Food Team

RMU: Rice Milling Unit

PPA: Participatory Poverty Assessment

GDP: Gross Domestic Product

NGOs: Non-Governmental Institution

NTFS: Non-Timber Forest Productions

PRA: Participatory Rural Appraisal

DMP Programme: Desa Mandiri Pangan Program (Food Self Sufficiency Village Programme)

PNPM: Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Mandiri (National Programme Community Empowerments)

NTPFPs: Timber and Non-Timber Forest Products

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