Analysis of Human Resource in India over Last Three Decades in the Perspective of Society, Inequality, and Poverty

Analysis of Human Resource in India over Last Three Decades in the Perspective of Society, Inequality, and Poverty

Debdas Ganguly, Kaushik Kundu
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-5154-8.ch020
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The ideological aspects relating to the social framework of the Indian society have a tremendous appeal for the majority of the people. Some modifications occasionally have been the cause of unequal and uneven distribution of social causes, natural resources, national scopes, benefits, and opportunities. The population demography has a mixed nature of composition consisting of weaker to stronger in respect of education, affluence, cast construct, political and social status, etc., and consequently, it created two groups of people in the society – a group under the umbrella of exploitation, poverty, and insecurity, and the other being the reverse. This weaker section lying under the envelope of poverty developed because of this inequality, and it has been a permanent cause of adversities in Human Resource prospects in India. Human Resource is not an ordinary resource like money or material, but a resource to make all other resources usefully usable. This Human Resource needs to come through suitable scopes and opportunities so that they can develop themselves as required in the process of Human Resource planning. This chapter is an attempt to identify the real-life situation in this respect in India during the last three decades.
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2. Indian Society Through The Ages

Indian society is one of the oldest and most complex one. Opinion of the scholars and historians differ regarding its antiquity. Some scholars are of the opinion that it is as old as 5000 B.C.

Study of the Indian society and its history and culture recognize one supreme characteristic of Indian people. It is their vitality as a distinct type, with distinct civilization of their own and a mind as active as ever in the past. As stated by Sir Jadunath Sarkar (1979), “The Indian people of today are no doubt as composite ethnic product; but whatever their different constituent elements may have been in origin, they have all acquired a common Indian stamp, and have all being contributing to a common culture and building up a common type of tradition, thought and literature.” Sir Herbert Risley, a British ethnographer who was very skeptical about India’s claim to be considered as one people, had also been forced to admit this commonness of Indian culture. He acknowledged it when he wrote, “Beneath the many fold diversities of physical and social type, language, custom and religion which strikes the observer in India, there can still be discerned a certain ‘underlying uniformity of life from Himalayas to Cape Camorin.”

Indian society has withstood the waves of foreign invasion, political onslaughts, religious experiments, natural disasters, and the shocks of centuries. Its best right to live is its vital power displayed through many thousand years of shocking changes in our land.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Human Resources Planning: A process that identifies current and future human resources needs for an organization to achieve its goals. Human resources planning should serve as a link between human resources management and the overall strategic plan of an organization. Aging worker populations in most western countries and growing demands for qualified workers in developing economies have underscored the importance of effective Human Resources Planning.

Population Dynamics: The branch of life sciences that studies short-term and long-term changes in the size and age composition of populations, and the biological and environmental processes influencing those changes. Population dynamics deals with the way populations are affected by birth and death rates, and by immigration and emigration, and studies topics such as ageing populations or population decline.

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