ANOBIUM, SL: The Use of the ICT as Niche of Employment and as Tool for Developing the Social Market

ANOBIUM, SL: The Use of the ICT as Niche of Employment and as Tool for Developing the Social Market

Millán Díaz-Foncea (Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain) and Carmen Marcuello (Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain)
Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 22
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2667-6.ch013
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Abstract

The chapter presents the experience of the company Innovation in Information and Documentation Systems Ltd. (ANOBIUM). It is a nonprofit Special Employment Centre focused on the social integration through employment of physical, sensory, intellectual, and mentally disabled persons. Its activity is based on Information and Communication Technology (ICT), offering services such as the digitization, the destruction or the custody of documents, the dynamization of website and website positioning in search engines, as well as the consulting in both fields the documental archives, and the production and the spreading of analyses in specific fields as CSR and business policies for work integration. The ANOBIUM case shows that ICT can be used as a niche of employment in order to develop the activity of Social Enterprises, and that ICT incorporates multiple benefits that can be used to achieve the social objective pursued by Social Enterprises. Also, ANOBIUM uses ICT to increase the impact and the spreading of the activities of other Social Enterprises.
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Introduction

ICT are an essential tool for the development of Social Enterprises. An analysis of the experiences is needed in order to examine how these organizations use them in the business reality, and what possibilities ICT have in order to spread the activities of these organizations. This chapter presents the experience of the company Innovation in Information and Documentation Systems Ltd. (ANOBIUM), a Social Enterprise that uses the legal form of Special Employment Centre, which employs people with disabilities, and that is dedicated to the ICT field. The objective of the chapter is to show a real implementation of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) from the Social Enterprise and their benefits.

Data for elaborating the case study come from several sources:

  • 1.

    A semi-structured interview to the ANOBIUM’s general manager

  • 2.

    The financial statements contained in the Spanish Official Register of Enterprises

  • 3.

    The review of both public documents available on the ANOBIUM website and private documents (as the ANOBIUM memory of activities of 2010), both provided by the firm. With all these, we want to convey an overall picture of the organization as well as the most relevant aspects related to the theme of the chapter.

The rest of the chapter is structured as follows: Next, we present the general context of the Special Employment Centers as Social Enterprises; in Section 3, we explain briefly the methodology of study, and Section 4 and 5 analyze the ANOBIUM business model and its relation to ICT, deepening the one hand, in specific cases that show how ICT are useful in achieving their social objectives, and secondly, in spreading the activity of other social organizations. Finally, Section 6 concludes the chapter.

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