Anonymity, Actual Incidents, Cyber Attacks and Digital Immobilization

Anonymity, Actual Incidents, Cyber Attacks and Digital Immobilization

Pauline C. Reich (Waseda University, Japan), Stuart Weinstein (University of Hertfordshire, UK), Charles Wild (University of Hertfordshire, UK) and Allan S. Cabanlong (Philippines National Police, Philippines)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-831-9.ch009

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2. United States

2.1 The United States Cyber Command: Inability to Adopt Terms of Engagement for Cyberwarfare

The 24th US Air Force was created in recognition of cyberspace becoming a military domain. It is an operational war fighting organization that establishes, operates, maintains and defends Air Force networks and conducts full-spectrum operations in cyberspace to protect same. Even if the US Air Force has created its newest numbered air force (as of 18 August 2009), one would be mistaken to suggest that the “historic constructs of war—force, offense, defense, deterrence — can be applied to cyberspace with little modification” (Libicki, 2009a).

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