Antiquity: The Path to Rationality

Antiquity: The Path to Rationality

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1706-2.ch009

Abstract

The choice of culture-data sources for studying the evolution of consciousness uses a sequence of four cultures. The most significant features of the depicting space in the reliefs and murals of the Aegean (Krito-Mycenaean) civilization, the classical period of Hellenism, Etruscan civilization, late republican, and imperial Rome are considered. Representations of the World Tree occupied a peripheral place in ancient mythology, but unexpected is the revival of myth - in the form of a legend about the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The adoption of Christianity completes the ancient era. When analyzing markers of evolutionary changes, the most active channels were identified. The results of the reconstruction of behavior patterns are presented in the form of generalized psychological portraits of representatives of the main estates of the Late Antiquity. The features of their collective behavior are described.
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Justification Of The Choice Of A Sources Of Facts

Consideration of ancient civilizations as sources of facts about changes in the way of depicting expanse and evolution of the myth of the World Tree is dictated by the desire to have reference content for assessing the changes in mind that took place in ancient Egypt. How regular are these changes? Did they have a local or global character? To answer such questions, you must have the most dissimilar, but the synchronous sample.

In this sense, ancient civilizations are the most appropriate:

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    awareness of the differences (despite the diverse connections and contacts) reaches antiquity: even Herodotus emphasized their antagonism with the civilizations of the Middle East, outlining the line of confrontation between Europe and Asia;

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    if the ancient Egyptian civilization is continuous (short periods of foreign domination could not significantly change the “cultural code”), then ancient civilizations were interrupted and revived repeatedly, and on a different ethnic and linguistic basis, maintaining their development path;

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    in the end, the ancient civilization devoured the Egyptian, and it is interesting to see what contributed to this;

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    and still, later they shared one fate, being absorbed by the new civilization - the Christian, although they gave it some of their ideas and forms.

And the last important factor - like the Egyptian, ancient civilizations are well studied.

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The Origin Of Projective Methods Of Space Imaging

As in the previous chapters the geographical and chronological boundaries of monuments of ancient art were denoted.

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