Applications Driven Information Systems: Beyond Networks toward Business Ecosystems

Applications Driven Information Systems: Beyond Networks toward Business Ecosystems

Kayvan Miri Lavassani (North Carolina Central University, USA) and Bahar Movahedi (North Carolina Central University, USA)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1779-5.ch011
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Abstract

Advancements in organizational information systems and developments in business environments have brought important changes to the contemporary management practices and business models. Organizations have evolved beyond their specific and general environments towards business ecosystems. This study investigates the evolutions of organizational information systems and business environments in the contexts of business ecosystem. Based on an evolutionary study of organizational information systems and business ecosystem an ontological model is proposed for the adoption of new technologies in the real world designs with particular attention to the application of technology. We call for further empirical and conceptual research in understanding and exploring the role of business ecosystems in organizational operations and industrial ecosystems.
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Introduction

Organizational information platforms have advanced significantly during the past few decades. These developments have resulted in significant increase in effectiveness and efficiency of executing organizational business processes. Organizational information platforms are tightly coupled with organizational strategy and management of organizational business processes (Sauer & Willcocks, 2002; Chroneer, 2005; Zhang, Xue & Dhaliwal, 2016). Consequently, understanding developments in the patterns of organizational information platforms requires a multifaceted investigation of business processes, strategy, and the environment. This study explores the development of organizational information systems from an organizational business process perspective in the context of business strategy and business ecosystem. We argue that the development of organizational structures and management of business processes has moved beyond the intra-organizational sphere of organizations and that the contemporary businesses cannot fully define their business model – i.e. customer value proposition and profit formula– within the context of their traditional business environment. The traditional view that separates organizational environment into two spheres of “specific environment” and “general environment” (Jauch & Osborn, 1981) may be useful for identifying key stakeholders and the relations among them; however for the purpose of profit formulation and strategic planning we argue that organizational environment should be viewed within the context of business ecosystems. After discussing the organizational developments in this domain, the study focuses on the evolution of adequate organizational business information systems which further supports the business ecosystem view of the organizational environment.

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