Applications of Machine Learning in Cyber Security Domain

Applications of Machine Learning in Cyber Security Domain

Sailesh Suryanarayan Iyer (R. B. Institute of Management Studies, India) and Sridaran Rajagopal (Marwadi University, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9611-0.ch004

Abstract

Knowledge revolution is transforming the globe from traditional society to a technology-driven society. Online transactions have compounded, exposing the world to a new demon called cybercrime. Human beings are being replaced by devices and robots, leading to artificial intelligence. Robotics, image processing, machine vision, and machine learning are changing the lifestyle of citizens. Machine learning contains algorithms which are capable of learning from historical occurrences. This chapter discusses the concept of machine learning, cyber security, cybercrime, and applications of machine learning in cyber security domain. Malware detection and network intrusion are a few areas where machine learning and deep learning can be applied. The authors have also elaborated on the research advancements and challenges in machine learning related to cyber security. The last section of this chapter lists the future trends and directions in machine learning and cyber security.
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Introduction

The digital revolution is transforming the global scenario. Desktop are being replaced by Laptops and Laptops by Mobiles and Tablets. Internet which was considered a luxury before a few decades has become the necessity of the hour. Social Media and online transactions are transforming ordinary people to smart people through Smart devices. The Information Technology is touching the life of the urban as well as rural population. Digi-Farming has become a reality with Companies and Government implementing Sensors to help identify type of Soil, Soil moisture, temperature, humidity and leaf wetness. Water Conservation can be increased by spraying water only where required. Smart Devices are replacing mundane tasks bringing about a 360° transformation in the way business and social networking is done. Technical concepts like Cyber Crime, Cyber Security, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Deep Learning are soon invading workplaces. Artificial Intelligence is the ability of machine to behave like a human being, Machine Learning can be considered an AI variant wherein learning and improving from previous experience takes place.

Figure 1.

Artificial intelligence/machine learning classification

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Figure 1 shows the classification of AI and Machine Learning. AI can be classified into Deductive Reasoning, Machine Learning, Social Analysis, Natural Language Processing (NLP), Knowledge Representation and Perceptive Modeling (Sanjeevi, 2017).

Intelligent people can be defined as those possessing important qualities as knowing, learning, understanding, communicate, judge, think etc. Artificial Intelligence is the application of human qualities to solve real life problems which previously only humans solved. Artificial Intelligence is used for solving problems like Computer Vision and Image Processing, Robotics, etc. to name a few. AI’s goal is to make computers/computer programs smart enough to imitate the human mind behavior. Vertical Artificial Intelligence concentrates on one job only. Horizontal Artificial Intelligence concentrates on many tasks at the same time (Maruti Tech Labs, 2019).

Machine Learning (Maruti Tech Labs, 2019) can be considered as a subset of Artificial Intelligence. Machine Learning consists of designing and applying algorithms capable of learning from historical occurrences. Some of the major applications of Machine Learning are Self Driving Cars, face detection and recognition, Marketing Campaigns, Credit card or banking fraud detection. The world’s finest player of Chess Gary Kasparov was defeated in his own turf by IBM’s product Deep Blue. Machine Learning also has various applications in product recommendations e.g. Book recommendations.

Figure 2. represents the classification of machine learning (InfoTechLead, n.d.)

Machine Learning can further be classified into three (3) categories:

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