Applied Zoology for Forming of Research Competence at Students of Biologists

Applied Zoology for Forming of Research Competence at Students of Biologists

Farit Miniyarov (Astrakhan State University, Russia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3485-3.ch017
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This chapter about how to involve students of biologists in research work, using benefits of applied zoology. The first part of the chapter provides the overview of such questions as research activity of students, methods and conditions of its forming, feature for students of biologists. The second part is devoted to the step-by-step organization of research activity according to levels of readiness of students. Much attention in this part is paid to questions of applied zoology: directions and objects of researches; structure and content of laboratory works, scientific and practical and research projects; uniform approach to use of techniques of researches in field and laboratory conditions. For assessment of results of researches and formation of research competence of students such methods as rating system, a portfolio, methods of expert estimates are offered.
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Study of the problem of future specialists’ is research activity training demands consideration of such questions as research competence, methods and conditions of developing it, distinctive features for biologists.

Having studied various treatments, the author offers the following definition: “Research competence is an ability of an individual to apply his/her knowledge, experience, values, considering his/her bents, to solve research problems and tasks”. Detailed consideration of research competence provides an opportunity to divide it into 4 groups of abilities stated in Table 1 (Kleshcheva, 2014). It is possible to allocate the following groups of abilities: organizational, communicational, intellectual and informational.

Table 1.
Structure of research competence
GroupsMain characteristicsDetailed Characteristics
1organizational abilitiesgoal-setting
ability to put and accept the purposes and tasks of cognitive or professional activity;
ability to plan, to control, estimate actions according to an objective and conditions of its implementation;
definition of the most effective methods of the solution of an objective;
ability to agree about distribution of functions in joint activity;
the understanding of the reasons of success of cognitive or professional activity and capability is constructive to work in failure situations;
development of initial forms of a cognitive and personal reflection.
2information abilitiessearch
information search in different sources: work with educational, reference and additional books;
selection and group of materials for a certain subject, structuring information;
drawing up theses, making an abstract, citing, summarizing;
information representation in different forms: use of sign and symbolical methods of information representation for creation of models of bodies of interest and processes.
3intellectual abilitieson the problem resolution of creative, search, research characterformulation of a problem and definition of methods of its decision;
identification of essential signs of an object;
main logical actions of comparison, analysis, synthesis, generalization, classification, establishment of analogies and causes and effect relationships(cause-effect relations);
operating by concepts, judgments, proof components.
4communicative abilitiesactively and competently to use speech means and means of information and communication technologies for the solution of communicative and cognitive tasksdrawing up texts of different types in an oral and written form;
ownership of different forms of oral public statements;
ability to express the thoughts, to listen and understand others, readiness to conduct dialogue;
is reasoned to state the opinion and assessment of events;
readiness to structurally resolve the conflicts by means of a compromise and cooperation.

Source: Kleshcheva, 2014

Key Terms in this Chapter

Scientific and Practical Projects: The research projects focused on observation of live bioobjects in their natural habitat and studying of an external and internal structure of bioobjects in laboratory.

Research Projects: The research projects oriented to experimental experiences with live bioobjects in laboratory and (or) in their natural habitat.

Research Activity: The activity connected with the solution of a research task with in advance unknown decision.

Bioobjects: The invertebrates and vertebrate animals studied by students during laboratory works, in practical and research projects.

Research Competence: The competences allowing to realize functions of research activity.

Applied Zoology: The zoological disciplines studying morphology, physiology and ethology of animals in various conditions of dwelling also surely have in the structure a special course on research projects.

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