Architecture of Information

Architecture of Information

José Poças Rascão (Polytechnic Institute of Setúbal, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8637-3.ch002
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Abstract

The information architecture as a discipline of information science has been a fertile ground for disagreement about definitions which are mostly based on practical, devoid of epistemological and scientific grounds, where each ”actor” involved seeks to provide tools, techniques and concepts based on their own perspective and personal training that considers more appropriate. This paper argues that the time for a comprehensive definition is reached, based on the definition of Saul Wurman (1997) to synthesize and express in simple terms a collection of linguistic concepts that influence the perception of reality. The ways and means adopted by the discipline of information architecture in its development have in practice, limited their potential and scope. Its potential applicability to understanding the human experience in general and the phenomena of information in particular, remains to be explored. The research aims to contribute to the construction of the discipline of information architecture in terms required by Haverty (2002). The identification of formal theoretical aspects assist in the understanding of the interaction between the elements that compose it, from a systemic perspective, scientific status and key processes that define the discipline as a practice. We propose a definition based on the epistemological framework of phenomenology, by the analogy with the traditional architecture and methodology concept.
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Fundamental Concepts

Initial Considerations

It has always existed procedures of organization and structuring of information associated with the processes of production and conservation of energy, either naturally or spontaneously. The millennial empirical practices of production, processing, storage, distribution and use of information have become increasingly complex and required study and reflection and as such resulted in the creation of Information Science.

The technical component that has been the basis of the organization and retrieval of information should be questioned in the light of a new scientific paradigm that integrates such operations and a holistic approach which facilitates easy access to information.

To address the problem of Information Architecture is vital to understand two basic concepts: knowledge and science, as well as the origin of such concepts: the epistemology for understanding the phenomenon of knowledge, as well as the main currents of thought that influenced the science and the concepts of complexity and interdisciplinarity.

The contribution of this work is to provide a clarification of the concept of information architecture in epistemological terms and in ontological terms, in order to contribute to a robust discussion of this concept.

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