An Assessment of Eye Tracking as an Educational Aid for People with Profound Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD)

An Assessment of Eye Tracking as an Educational Aid for People with Profound Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD)

J.A. Renshaw (Leeds Metropolitan University, UK), B. Boullier (Hollybank Trust, UK), S. Geddes (Hollybank Trust, UK) and A. Moore (Hollybank Trust, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61350-183-2.ch002

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Background: Review Of Research And Work Done To Date

Profound Multiple Learning Difficulties

People with PMLD have more than one disability, profound learning and communication difficulties; their medical and health requirements may be numerous and complex. They need help all their life (Mencap, n.d.). Whilst children are protected by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (Article 13) there is less overt protection for adults with PMLD but they too must have the same rights as non-disabled people to be heard and to be able to communicate.

Emerson (2009) estimates that in 2008 there were just under 15,000 children under the age of 18 years and 16,000 adults with PMLD and that these populations would grow at the rate of 1.8% on average in the period 2009-2026.

Mencap states that many people with PMLD do not use formal communication systems such as speech, symbols or signs. Many children and young people with PMLD go through their entire lives without the benefit of assessment and consequently without the appropriate support resource (Mencap,n.d.).

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