Assistive Technology and Human Capital for Workforce Diversity

Assistive Technology and Human Capital for Workforce Diversity

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7368-5.ch018
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The purpose of this chapter is not on the varieties of the availability of assistive technologies (AT) and their usages based on individuals' specified disability, so that individuals who require the usage of ATs can be of equal playing field compared to those individuals who do not require the usage of ATs. For information regarding AT and the state of AT in the past, present, and future in the United States, ADA and the like refer to Tran's article titled “Assistive Technology.” The purpose of this chapter is beyond the coverage of Tran's “Assistive Technology” article, such that the purpose of this article is on the end results that AT could provide and contribute to the diverse workforce, and the role AT play in relations to workforce development—from an international perspective.
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Historically speaking, from past to present, for many developing countries, legislation regarding the employment of individuals with disabilities has been criticized due to its ineffectiveness (Schall, 1998; Siegal, 2001). In particular, according to Jakovljevic and Buckley (2011), the legislation has had little or no impact on the employment status of people with disabilities (Agocs, 2002; Brett, 2000; Conlin, 2000; De Jonge, Rodger, & Fitzgibbon, 2001; De Laurentiis, 1991; Hignite, 2000; IRS, 1998; McGregor, 1991; Robitaille, 2002; Saskatchewan, 2000; Schall, 1998, Thomas, 2002). When addressing the needs of employees with disabilities, the Act and the Code both include the term reasonable accommodation (Tran, 2015a). Reasonable accommodation (disability accommodation) is any modification or adjustment to a job or to a working environment that will enable a person from a designated group to have access to or participate or advance in employment (Department of Labor, 2002; Tran, 2015a). It includes acquisition and modification of equipment and devices, as well as any necessary training. These devices and equipment are collectively known as assistive technologies (AT).

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