BDI Approach to Build a Single Agent of a Distributed Multi-Agent System

BDI Approach to Build a Single Agent of a Distributed Multi-Agent System

Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 26
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3226-2.ch002
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The main purpose of this study is to describe and analyze an agent from a distributed multi-agent based system (ABS) according to the BDI architecture. This agent is capable of autonomous action to propose general technology strategies (TSs) in renewable energy SMEs based on a set of rules and interacts with a core agent in multi ABS. The recognition of internal strengths and weaknesses as well as external opportunities and threats takes place on the basis of technological SWOT-analysis. Proposed TSs are categorized into four types: aggressive strategy, turnaround oriented strategy, diversification strategy, and defensive strategy. Agent architecture in terms of three abstraction layers called psychological, theoretical, and implementation is explained. And after system validation by experts, some program codes and output results of this agent are presented. This system provides information to facilitate the TS planning process to be carried out effectively.
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Technology Strategy Methods

There are a wide range of methods pertinent to development of strategies for technological progress. Ghazinoory et al. (2009) referred to technology planning approach which emphasizes on the use of strategic decision matrix and usually bi-dimensional matrix of attractiveness–ability. It involves determining prime technologies, evaluating the attractiveness and firm ability dealing with identified technologies, and locating the technologies in the matrix according to the results of evaluations. On the basis of this model, four types of TSs can be proposed in each defined technology. This method focuses on both approaches of resource – based view (RBV) and positioning (industry and competition) as it concerns the external environment and the firm’s competencies. Cardullo (1996) represented technological SWOT analysis as an approach to consider the inhibitors and enhancers of technology development that a firm encounters in both its internal and external environments. Thus, it regards four factors including strength, weakness, opportunity, and threat to propose four types of general TSs. This method focuses on RBV and positioning approaches.

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