Benefits of a Spatial Data Infrastructure on the Sustainability of a Southwestern European Territory

Benefits of a Spatial Data Infrastructure on the Sustainability of a Southwestern European Territory

Teresa Batista (ICAAM, Universidade de Evora, Portugal), Fernando Ceballos-Zúñiga Rodríguez (Junta de Extremadura, Spain), Cristina Carriço (CIMAC, Portugal), Carlos Pinto-Gomes (Universidade de Evora, Portugal), Luís Fernández-Pozo (Universidad de Extremadura, Spain), José Manuel Naranjo Gómez (University of Extremadura, Spain), José Martín Gallardo (Universidad de Extremadura, Spain), Luís Loures (Research Centre for Endogenous Resource Valorization, Instituto Politécnico de Portalegre, Portugal) and José Cabezas (Universidad de Extremadura, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2513-5.ch001
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Abstract

OTALEX C is a cross border project elaborated by several entities of the administrations, agencies, and Portuguese and Spanish enterprises. The aim is to develop joint cartography, in addition to the union of territorial and environmental data and their interexchange. SDI-OTALEX C has defined a method capable of assigning the degree of sustainability through the integration of environmental, social, and economic indicators. Thus, a link has been established with consumption and productivity, which promotes the appropriate use of resources and, consequently, the sustainable development of the territory. The benefits for local population of this territory fall within the very term of sustainable development since its objective is to define viable projects and reconcile economic aspects, social and environmental impacts of human activities. To reconcile all these aspects, the SDI makes it possible to contribute to sustainability and to try to envision projects that help to keep the population of these largely depopulated territories.
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Introduction

The number of countries in the world, since the middle of last century, has increased almost three times, increasing the number of border areas greatly. Borders are a very complex social phenomenon associated with the confluence of many layers which are related to the territorial organisation of the society, as well as with human psychology, having produced an evolution in the form of interpreting the borders along with changing social investigations. Over the years the borderland studies passed from the field of geography and history, the pioneer disciplines, to the field of interdisciplinary knowledge on rapid expansion, developed in parallel by political scientists, geographers, sociologists, anthropologists, psychologists, ethnologists, lawyers, economists and even experts in technical sciences (Kolosov, 2015; Laine, 2015).

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