Blending Digital Content in Teacher Education Programs

Blending Digital Content in Teacher Education Programs

Patricia Dickenson (National University, USA) and Cynthia Sistek-Chandler (National University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9680-8.ch015
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Abstract

Teacher Education programs worldwide are engaging in a digital conversation around best practices for supporting and teaching teacher candidates in the creation of digital content for a 21st century blended classroom. This chapter examines the status of teacher preparation in technology and explores current trends for instructors of the NextGen educator. Further the authors share how 21 Century Skills and global competencies among pre-service teachers can be applied in an online learning environment in teacher education programs.
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Introduction

Jennifer Juarez a preservice teacher begins a new assignment as a substitute teacher in a secondary science classroom. The science teacher Ms. Matthews is attending professional development training. Ms. Matthews and her colleagues at Franklin high school, consider their instruction program to be aligned with 21 Century practices. They use a learning management system to assess students, track progress, as well as plan lessons and post activities for students to complete online. The teachers’ lectures are prerecorded so students have already watched today’s lesson on hydroponic plants for homework last night. During class students must work with a partner to complete a lab assignment that is submitted through the class online digital portal. However the online dropbox to submit the assignment was not created by their teacher and students are in a mild state of panic. There is nowhere to submit work in a digital format and the substitute teacher Ms. Juarez cannot assist her students who are accustomed to turning in their assignments online as she has never used an online learning management system.

School districts across the nation have gone to the cloud for document storage and for sharing and distribution, in fact in many schools all workflows are submitted digitally; this includes documents from the administration, teachers, and students. In addition to the cost benefit of going paperless, the growing wireless infrastructure has increased accessibility to the Internet and the movement toward one device per student in the classroom. Hundreds of thousands of dollars have been saved on cases of copy paper but here is the problem: Are we truly preparing our teacher candidates for the digital classroom? The reality is the need for technology savvy teachers who can access and support digital resources and digital curriculum has never been greater.

As today’s preservice teachers become tomorrow’s classroom teachers, knowing how to teach online, create and manage digital content, and support students with web-based tools will likely be a prerequisite for hiring. The Baltimore City School District stopped printing curriculum and instruction guides for distribution to 200 schools. Instead, they populate their curriculum management system (CMS) with the guides and resources teachers need to create curriculum for the classroom. The district has a repository for teachers to drop in lesson plans and activities in a collaborative space (Speak-Up Survey & Blackboard Learning, 2014).

The preparation of future educators hinges on the skills and dispositions of the instructor who is teaching them. According to Pritchard and O’Hara (2009) “in addition to being able to communicate in oral and written form, to be considered truly literate, one must be able to think critically, reason logically, and use technology” (p. 15).

Traditionally, teacher education programs have focused on preparing teacher candidates to establish classroom management, design and deliver standards-based curriculum, as well as assess and support diverse learners. Theory, pedagogy, and methods are the focal points of most teacher preparation programs, but there should also be an emphasis on application of twenty-first century skills. The focus of this chapter is to examine the twenty-first century skills that are in demand of teachers and determine how teacher preparation programs might redesign their program to best support new ways of teaching and learning.

The goals of this chapter are to:

  • 1.

    Discuss the disconnect that exists between teacher education programs and K-12 classrooms.

  • 2.

    Share best practices for supporting teacher candidates in building and curating digital content.

  • 3.

    Provide a framework for supporting teacher educators to integrating technology tools in their instructional delivery.

  • 4.

    Analyze the use of technology in today’s classroom and the impact on student learning.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Teacher-Centered Instruction: This form of instruction allows the teacher to control the classroom discussion, and decisions by instructing the whole class simultaneously. One of the most salient features is lecture, drill, and practice.

Blended Learning: In this type of learning environment traditional face-to-face instruction is combined with web-based online learning. Students still attend traditional classroom but a portion of their day is spent in computer-mediated instruction.

Asynchronous: In this type of online classroom setting students use online resources to direct their learning and complete tasks that participants can engage in at different times over an extended period rather than all at once.

Student-Centered Instruction: This form of instruction focuses on the individual student and their needs. Students are provided with the opportunity to learn independently or from other classmates. The teacher acts as a coach or facilitator in the process.

Screencasting: Digital recording of the computer screen, which contains narration. Also referred to as video screen capture.

Hybrid Class: A format of course delivery that includes face-to-face seat time and online learning activities. Class participation includes both on-site class time and at home activities that are typically performed through web-based technologies.

Synchronous: In this type of online classroom setting student engage in class discussions and activities that occur at a specific day and time synchronously. This type of online classroom environment provides multiple opportunities and ways for students to interact with other students and their instructor in real time.

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