Brain-Machine Interfaces: Advanced Issues and Approaches

Brain-Machine Interfaces: Advanced Issues and Approaches

Kijpokin Kasemsap (Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Thailand)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3004-6.ch019
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This chapter indicates the overview of Brain-Machine Interfaces (BMIs); the aspects of BMIs; BMIs, human-machine interfaces, and electrooculography interfaces; BMIs, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), and stroke motor recovery; speech BMIs; BMIs and neuroplasticity; and BMIs and transcranial doppler (TCD). BMIs are the computerized approaches to gaining the brain signals, investigating them, and translating them into computerized functions in order to organize the required practices. BMIs can allow people to manipulate computerized networks and various electrical devices. With the support of modern technologies, BMIs are functional and able to operate in operational settings. The chapter argues that applying BMIs has the potential to increase organizational performance and reach strategic goals in the digital age.
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Biomedical engineering technologies (e.g., BMIs and neuroprosthetics) are the advancements which assist human beings in various ways (Lee, 2016). Current state and availability of BMI systems urge a broader societal discourse on the pressing ethical challenges associated with the advancements in neurotechnology and BMI research (Birbaumer, Gallegos-Ayala, Wildgruber, Silvoni, & Soekadar, 2014). BMI system detects the electrical signals produced from the human brain and converts them into the control signals to operate a device by reading the user’s thoughts (Choi & Kang, 2014). The electrical activities of the brain and heart have been recorded and analyzed for the diverse clinical and pathological purposes (Kim et al., 2014).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Computer: The modern appliance that collects, controls, and produces information.

Information: The data that can be executed for the important tasks.

Technology: The utilization of modern methods and systems for gaining the improved products and services.

Robot: The modern machine equipped with various sensors to accomplish many sophisticated functions.

Signal: The electronic procedure that can transfer the data in an effective manner.

Brain-Machine Interface: The computerized consolidation that can help user communicate data through brain signals.

Electrode: The conductor used to transfer, receive, accumulate, and execute the electric charge carriers.

Neural Network: The artificial intelligence method that emulates the application of human brain.

Brain: The element of neural system located in the skull.

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