Building Future “Smart Energy Cities”: The Role of ICT and IoT Solutions

Building Future “Smart Energy Cities”: The Role of ICT and IoT Solutions

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2286-7.ch005
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In the process of building the future cities, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Internet of Things (IoT) solutions are the key enablers. Although there are plenty of energy related data available in the cities, there are no established methodologies and validated tools to collect, integrate and analyse them so that they can support energy use optimization. In this context, the aim of this chapter is to present the Smart Cities IoT Platform. A “wireless telemetry cloud” over the city can be created, which facilitates the transferring of open data from the distributed sources (weather station, installed equipment, etc.). The proposed IoT Platform is composed of prediction models, scenarios and rules, as well as a database to store the data and results. With the Smart Cities IoT Platform, web-based applications can be created, customised to the specific characteristics and needs of end-users, including the fields of buildings, infrastructure, transport, generation and storage.
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The operation of Smart Cities is grounded on the utilization of ICT technologies, leading to a reduction of energy consumption, waste and other resources, and a greater quality of life via enhanced residents’ engagement. ICT solutions and IoT are essential to implement smart energy systems (Dassani et al., 2015). ICT solutions, Internet of Things IoT and Data Analytics are essential to implement smart energy systems; in fact they drive models and methods for planning and operation of future integrated energy platforms. According to Navigant Research, the global market for smart energy solutions is expected to grow from $7.3 billion (annual revenue) in 2015 to $21 billion by 2024, representing a cumulative investment of almost $140 billion (Woods, 2016).

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