Building Information Modelling in Cameroon: Overcoming Existing Challenges

Building Information Modelling in Cameroon: Overcoming Existing Challenges

F. H. Abanda (Oxford Brookes University, UK), M. B. Manjia (University of Yaoundé, Cameroon), C. Pettang (University of Yaoundé, Cameroon), Joseph H. M. Tah (Oxford Brookes University, UK) and G. E. Nkeng (National School of Public Works, Cameroon)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9619-8.ch005
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BIM has recently gained ground in developed countries. However, the use of BIM in developing countries including Cameroon is not well-known. In this study, BIM implementation in Cameroon is explored. The research methods used are a pilot study, electronic email surveys and in-depth phone interviews. Altogether, 179 professionals having at least a Master's Degree in Civil Engineering from the National Advanced School of Engineering Yaoundé I - Cameroon, a leading engineering institution in Francophone Africa, were sampled. Forty six provided feedback yielding a response rate of 25.7%. It emerged that some BIM software are already being used in Cameroon. However, major barriers hindering BIM uptake are high license fee and lack of huge projects that can pay off the cost of investment in BIM. Perhaps, partly because the respondents were highly skilled, it emerged that the lack of expertise was/is not a major problem to use BIM in projects. Although this study is limited to Cameroon, many recommendations could be relevant to other African countries.
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2. An Overview Of Construction Practice In Cameroon

Similar to most developing countries, the construction industry contributes significantly to the Gross domestic product (GDP) of Cameroon. Despite the current global economic downturn, Cameroon construction industry accounted for 3.4% of GDP in 2011 (AEO, 2012). Its importance justifies why the Cameroon government promptly intervened with strategies to minimize the impacts of the global economic recession. Some measures include reducing construction material prices (Nkama, 2009) and encouraging international investors to explore Cameroon’s construction market (Khan & Baye, 2008). In particular, China is one of the countries that have been investing in the Cameroon construction industry (Khan & Baye, 2008).

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