Building National Resilience in the Digital Era of Violent Extremism: Systems and People

Building National Resilience in the Digital Era of Violent Extremism: Systems and People

Jethro Tan (Home Team Behavioural Sciences Centre, Ministry of Home Affairs, Singapore), Yingmin Wang (Home Team Behavioural Sciences Centre, Ministry of Home Affairs, Singapore) and Danielle Gomes (Home Team Behavioural Sciences Centre, Ministry of Home Affairs, Singapore)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 21
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0156-5.ch015
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Abstract

The threat of violent extremism in the Internet age has undoubtedly become one important focus of research, policy, and government bodies all over the world. Understandably, many resources have been invested into counter violent extremism efforts, such as the identification of possible radicalised individuals, and understanding the psychology behind violent extremism. These methods adopt a resistance stance and attempt to prevent violent extremism. However, this chapter argues that resilience is equally, if not more important given the unpredictable nature of violent extremism. The first part examines ‘systems' within a nation such as critical infrastructure and how concepts such as ‘resilient-by-design' can be incorporated to ensure continuity in times of attacks. The second part will explore ‘person' factors of crisis communication, cohesion, and social capital, and how these factors can afford a cohesive society that can overcome the cracks in social order and harmony often caused by violent extremism.
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Resilience As A Strategy For Counter Violent Extremism

The notion of resilience stems from psychological research which posits that there are traits, processes, and outcomes that allow individuals to bounce back from an adverse event. Since then, research on resilience has advanced to explore other levels of analysis: community resilience, organisational resilience, and national resilience.

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