Bullying in the Work Environment and Human Dignity: General Considerations About the Brazilian Reality

Bullying in the Work Environment and Human Dignity: General Considerations About the Brazilian Reality

Iran Chaves Garcia Junior (Universidade do Minho – Braga, Portugal) and Clovis Demarchi (Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Brazil)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8350-9.ch013

Abstract

This chapter deals with the dignity of the human person and moral harassment, bringing some specific considerations about Brazilian reality. The scientific objective is to demonstrate the concrete existence of an impact on the principle of human dignity when harassment occurs in the environmental work. It is a theme that is in the discussion guide mainly from the beginning of this century, although abuse and humiliation have always been practiced in labor relations, with the same current scope, which is a tool to achieve generally derogatory ends of the human condition and intensified by the action of globalization in the contemporary world. Besides impact directly on the person, moral harassment in the work environment results in consequences for society, for company (organization), and the state.
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Considerations On The Dignity Of The Human Person

At the beginning of this chapter, we see the idea of Paz (2009, p. 15.), which advises caution in addressing the principle of the dignity of the human person, since this principle has attracted more and more adherents. Thus, there is a prescription for this principle to be treated with rationality, since its indiscriminate application may represent a threat to democracy.

The author emphasizes that the legal discourse focused on the principle of human dignity has been a siren song that attracts and enchants legal discourse, sometimes to the detriment of critical reason. This clarification is important, considering that it is an objective of this work, in order to maintain a critical view of the issue of human dignity and harassment at work.

Defining a concept of dignity of the human person or even when this principle should be employed does not seem to be an easy task. It can be said that this is a biblical principle, going beyond the legal field. It appears in the Christian definition, when it is believed that man was created in the image and likeness of God, emphasizing his dignity and greatness.

Sarlet (2005, p. 16) emphasizes that there are difficulties in establishing a concept and this “certainly derives at least from the circumstance that one takes care of a concept of vague and imprecise contours, characterized by its ambiguity and porosity.” Dignity is a concept that not only deals with aspects of human existence but refers to the right of every human person. Therefore, this conception portrays that the principle of dignity is intrinsic value to each person human being, being an integral quality of the human being, must be recognized, protected and respected.

Everyone is considered to be a holder of dignity regardless of status, social position, race, beliefs, sex, ability or any other personal or social attributes. Sarlet (2005, p.16) points to the realization that all, in principle, even the greatest of criminals “are equal in dignity, in the sense of being recognized as persons - even if they are not equally dignified in their relations with their fellow men, even with themselves. “

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