Can Yoga Bring Molecular Changes in Brain and Body: Gaps and Trends

Can Yoga Bring Molecular Changes in Brain and Body: Gaps and Trends

Akshay Anand (Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, India), Viraaj Pannu (Government Medical College and Hospital, India), Ashish Bhalla (Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research India, India), Gurmeet Singh (Punjab University, India) and Suresh Singh (Punjab University, India)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2788-6.ch006
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Abstract

Mind body therapy which includes Yoga, Tai chi, Qigong, etc., are re-emerging as beneficial tools for providing solutions to the post-modern health care challenges. These therapies are believed to address the mind body interaction by either inducing parasympathetic systems or molecular mechanisms hitherto undeciphered. Among these mind body therapies, Yoga is considered as a fast growing and popular system of asana and breathing practices which allow seamless integration of physical exercises with meditative postures. The precise molecular mechanism underlying yoga, therefore, remains unclear. The proposed book chapter will provide a historical review of studies arguing in support of the hypothesis that these mind body interventions must have measurable regenerative and molecular effects that need the same rigour of scientific investigation and analysis reserved for orthodox pharmacological discovery.
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Types Of Yoga

There are various schools of yoga spread across a wide spectrum of religions. Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism have one or the other element of yoga mentioned either in their scriptures or their practices. Although many aspects of yoga are found in various religions, Hinduism has by far developed yoga the most. Over the ages, yoga has been divided into various types. Traditional branches of yoga constitute the following:-

  • Hatha Yoga

  • Raja Yoga

  • Karma Yoga

  • Jnana Yoga

  • Bhakti Yoga

  • Mantra Yoga

  • Tantra Yoga

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