Case Study: Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Interventions

Case Study: Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Interventions

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2767-1.ch006
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Abstract

The following case study deals with the Final Evaluation Study of the Philippine Climate Change Adaptation Project. It illustrates how the project evaluation procedure may be used on a climate change adaptation intervention. The study found that 34.18% of farm householders surveyed in the pilot areas were practicing or intending to practice PhilCCAP adaptation technologies. Compared to the baseline figure of 12.47%, there was an increase of 22.42% among farm household adopters of PhilCCAP technologies. A computed value for Outcome Indicator 1 of 34.18% exceeds by 14.18% the target of 20.00% by the end of Year 5. The final results for the stakeholders also proved encouraging. An Outcome Indicator 2 value of 46.53% was computed, which overshot the end of project target of 35.00 percent by 11.53. Compared to the baseline figure of 11.27% among stakeholder respondents, the computed final value for Outcome Indicator 2 represents a leap of 35.26%. The Final Evaluation Study concludes that based on PhilCCAP's two outcome indicators the project has been successful in developing and demonstrating approaches that enabled targeted communities to adapt to the potential impacts of climate variability and change at project's end.
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Introduction

The next case study deals with the final evaluation of a climate change adaptation project. It is illustrative of the project evaluation procedure discussed in Chapter 4.

Background

The Government of the Philippines through a grant from the GEF-Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) and the World Bank has completed the first phase of the Philippine Climate Change Adaptation Project (PhilCCAP). The five-year project, executed by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), the Department of Agriculture (DA), the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), the Climate Change Commission (CCC) and several other agencies, aimed to develop and demonstrate effective approaches and adaptive measures to increase the country’s resilience to climate change. The project also intended to strengthen existing institutional and decision-making frameworks for climate change adaptation and demonstrate cost-effective adaptation strategies for both agriculture and natural resource management.

PhilCCAP attempted to increase farming communities’ adaptive capacity by: (a) improving farm management capability under conditions of climate risk; (b) providing access to information on weather forecasting and climate patterns; (c) increasing access to risk management options such as the weather index insurance; and (d) strengthening ecosystems.

The project has four (4) components.

  • Component 1 provides for the integration of climate change adaptation into the agriculture and natural resources sectors and strengthens the capabilities of relevant government agencies.

  • Component 2 aims to help poor rural communities adapt to the effects of climate change, by demonstrating both tangible reductions in climate-related risk and increased resilience to climate change.

  • Component 3 seeks to improve the ability of end users, especially in the agriculture and natural resources sectors, to access more reliable scientific information.

  • Component 4 supports project coordination functions through DENR’s Foreign Assisted Projects Office (FASPO).

PhilCCAP was a pilot project. It was implemented in seven municipalities of three provinces located in three regions: the municipalities of Tuguegarao and Penablanca in Cagayan Province, Region II; the municipalities of Janiuay, Pototan, Dumangas and Mina in Iloilo Province, Region VI; and the municipality of Siargao in Surigao Province, CARAGA Region. The Department of Agriculture was responsible for the interventions conducted in Regions II and VI while the Department of Environment and Natural Resources coordinated the design and development of interventions for the CARAGA Region.

This report deals with interventions delivered by the Department of Agriculture under PhilCCAP in Regions II and VI.

Rationale

PhilCCAP’s development objective is to develop and demonstrate approaches that would enable targeted communities to adapt to the potential impacts of climate variability and change.

The attainment of this objective is gauged through two project outcome indicators:

  • 1.

    Twenty percent (20%) of households surveyed in the targeted areas adopt coping strategies, new technologies or improved farming practices to better cope with climate variability and extremes.

  • 2.

    Among stakeholders surveyed in the targeted areas thirty-five percent (35%) have participated in or are knowledgeable of activities demonstrated by the project to reduce vulnerability or improve adaptive capacity.

Project outcome information is necessary to assess the success of PhilCCAP in demonstrating cost effective adaptation measures to farmers, in increasing awareness on adaptation and on providing guidance on the potential for scaling up these activities.

For PhilCCAP, 2016 marked the fifth year or end of its five-year timeframe. A Final Evaluation of project performance based on the two outcome indicators was conducted by the Agricultural Training Institute. This document is the Draft Report of the Final Evaluation Study

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