Challenges of Public Policies for an Inclusive Higher Education

Challenges of Public Policies for an Inclusive Higher Education

Diana Patricia Skewes Muñoz (Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico) and Jesús Gerardo Alfaro Patiño (Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0457-3.ch005
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This research note focuses on the major challenges of public policies emphasizing the implications guarantee quality education for all in order to contribute to achieving a socially inclusive future in a metropolis like Mexico City. The importance of inclusive education is directly linked to social, economic and sustainable development of the country, therefore, a quality education that includes everyone equally, calls for an analysis of the school and the social environment, our multiculturalism and active acceptance of that which is different from the norm and the relationship between it establishes for the formation of the common good. Therefore, we consider it necessary to address a comprehensive policy for education to eliminate exclusion factors such as: accessibility, infrastructure, equal treatment, access opportunities, gender and economic deciles access.
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This situation is immersed in inequalities, injustices and inequities for vulnerable groups in Mexico, as well as a grotesque polarity compared with the level of development of our country, which has affected the social development towards equity, cohesion and social justice. This grim scenario is mainly framed by the global economic process in which we are immersed and knowledge management is still not a fact in our country, but surely offers a clear overview for being successfully included in the globalization.

According to Nicholas C. Burbules and Carlos Alberto Torres globalization means the emergence of supranational institutions, whose decisions determine and restrict the policy of other nations. Similarly, the term “globalization” is also seen as a phenomenon, which has tended to suffer various denotations as measures which exclude, replace, or enrich include various social sectors, impacting global economic processes, including production, consumer market, capital flows and monetary interdependence (2001, p. 12).

The truth is that “globalization” is a term that describes the current human condition exclusion, marginalization, domination and inequality, which is to generate restrictive fiscal policies reductionist monetary policy on production, income and public spending cuts, both for trade and for investment-liberalization, deregulation Limitation of legislation, except to guarantee private property and security-, and privatization as a political star with broad impact on the educational world (Vila, 2011, p. 9).

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