Changing Formal and Informal Learning Practices Using Smartphones: The Case of Market Women of Ghana

Changing Formal and Informal Learning Practices Using Smartphones: The Case of Market Women of Ghana

Julia Bello-Bravo (Michigan State University, USA) and Anne Namatsi Lutomia (University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 23
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3474-7.ch010

Abstract

Smartphones have afforded women opportunities to overcome some of the constraints they face in the informal sector. The culture of traditional learning for women in the marketplace refers to sharing common standardized practices of learning from each other, conducting business, communicating, and making money. Sharing information, knowledge, and experiences is already embedded in the culture of the informal sector therefore a network connection through smartphones will bring a new light of opportunities to the learning environment. Using a case study of market women in Ghana, the authors of this chapter focus on these women's experiences learning with video animation in smartphones and predict how they will envision a new way of learning that combines the formal and informal learning with easy capabilities such as visualization, simulation, technical proficiency, and accessibility to information.
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Introduction

This case study explored a process of informal learning by 59 Ghanaian market women using animated videos on mobile information communication technology (ICT) as a curriculum; that is, the authors formally designate both the animated video and the video-enabled smartphones used to deliver the video content as the curriculum, as content, rather than a technology independent of content that delivers a curriculum. This is not only because a part of the process of learning by animated video for the participants also involved learning the use of video technology on smartphones but also because the appeal of this educational delivery approach was enhanced by an interest in the smartphones themselves. Specifically, the ICT-enabled video-animation curriculum focused on reducing postharvest bean losses for market women.

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