Chaos in Education as an Intelligent Complex Adaptive System

Chaos in Education as an Intelligent Complex Adaptive System

Esen Arzu Kayman (Hacettepe University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2014 |Pages: 8
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-6070-0.ch019
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Abstract

The chapter aims to open the present somewhat chaotic and uncertain situation of education to a discussion. The chapter can help the reader think about the chaos everywhere and in education and educational institutions as intelligent organizations. Educational institutions have to be intelligent to cope with the sudden and fast changes around themselves and they are complex adaptive systems that can adapt the environment and the changes in or out of the organizations. As education is a dynamic system, people should discuss it as dynamic, chaotic, and complex in present times and the future.
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From A Chaotic Scene Of Education System To A Brilliant Future Is Possible, Isn’T It?

It is a need to use a common and understandable language which is not non-linear or of physics to discuss about relation between the chaos and education. It is of both educational and chaotic. As open-systems are likely to get chaotic or at the edge of chaos, we can say that the education, as an open system, is complex, chaotic and adaptive. It has to be clarified that education in general but educational institutions with the human factor in particular are intended to be examined.

There are the possibilities but not the certainties in education where it consists of human factor which makes the education intelligent, adaptive and complex. It is like the play chess with simple rules but complex moves. The moves are not in a rational line but a reaction to the other player’s move. There are a large number of strategies and moves like having the potential to be innovated and more creative (Cunningham, 2001).

The chaos theory scrutinizes the non-linear systems where a little effect can cause big problems. It means that estimation of the situation is hard and chaotic systems are dependent to situations sensitively. In addition to this, on the way to order, every confusion has a function; shocks at random can arise attractiveness in the system and discloses the property of self-organizing in chaotic systems. That is why the properties of chaos theory is bound up with education (Bülbül & Erçetin, 2010).

Educational processes cannot be predicted or foreseen. It is full of new aspects and unpredictable situations with some variables of genetic, social, cultural, biological, cognitive and psychological as it is an open system. Educational theories have been considered to be consistent but not so in education in practice; on the contrary, it is changeable, unexpected in every society, group or even individual (Quiroga & Fernando, 2011).

The complexity theory itself is not so complex or poorly defined that the ideas and the theories of complexity compulsive for instance the terms “uncertainty” and “imprecision” are such those ideas. The uncertainty, multiplicity, specificity, continuing change discussions have been made so far this time. One the importance of initial conditions, history and time are mentioned, theories of complex adaptive systems are in a challenge with the Newtonian straightforward, easy to predict relational causes (Haggis, 2010).

Some studies show us the framework a model of leadership on complexity, this framework will help and provide support to the leaders to create and sustain order out of complexity. Leaders have to have visions in order for the framework to be useful and present the situation itself is it is. Additional to traditional solutions, it offers directions and alternatives in a modern society and environment (Chadwick, 2010).

It is important the have a different perspective on seeing the chaos not problematic but see it the nature of change an open system. We should have a perspective on or new eyes that see the things in a chaos system and usual as well.

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