Child Labour: Psychological and Behavioral Challenges

Child Labour: Psychological and Behavioral Challenges

Daman Ahuja (School of Public Health, SRM University, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-4197-4.ch014

Abstract

This chapter describes how the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act of 1986 talks about hazardous units of employability and prohibits employers to employ children in them and regulate the employability of children in the non-hazardous units. Law has laid an emphasis on physical injury that effects the physiology of a child, but the “psychological injury” is left unexamined. Psychological injury can have disastrous impacts on the shape of the personality of a child. The chapter reviewed types of non-hazardous occupations where children are involved at work; methods involved; Ericson's developmental stages of children affected by child labour activities; assessing psychological effects; constitutional provisions; and psycho-social analysis. With an analysis of these factors, it is concluded that once a child gets employed he loses the freedom to spend his time by his own free will.
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Definition Of Child And Child Labour For The Purpose Of The Study

According to ILO definition, “The term “child labour” (ILO sources) is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.” ILO sources) is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.”

It refers to work that: is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children; and interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school, obliging them to leave school prematurely, or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work.

UNICEF states “Child labour –A child is considered to be involved in child labour activities under the following classification:

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