City Structure in Transition: A Conceptual Discourse on the Impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

City Structure in Transition: A Conceptual Discourse on the Impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

Kh. Md. Nahiduzzaman (King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia) and Adel S. Aldosary (King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61350-192-4.ch013
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Abstract

With the technological advancement of ICT, the cities of the world are becoming so dependent that ICT is challenging the conventional ideas and classic theories of city structure. The cities of the world are undergoing a transition that is caused by the shift of principle from ‘physical movement’ to ‘virtual movement’. The state-of-the-art ICT featured by internet and e-commerce (Business-to-Commerce - B2C) is facilitating such shift which influences in changing the conventional ideas and structure of CBD, core business areas, city center, etc. Though the magnitude of influence on the transition process is yet to be known, there is an obvious transition that almost all cities of the world are experiencing. This book chapter conceptually discusses and portrays the potential changes in the conventional city structure by analyzing three classic city models (i.e., multi-nuclei, concentric and sector models), exploring the technological advancement in ICT and increasing dependencies on it and by drawing evidence from a pilot case study. This chapter argues that ICT induced change in the city structure, which we may call ‘future city’ or ‘transitional city’, would bring positive impacts on the physical and social environment, competitive land and transportation system in the city.
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City Structure And Ict: A Theoretical Construct

This section discusses and reviews literature on the typical city structure (e.g., location of CBD, development of sub-urban areas, location of industries, major commercial activities, and other service facilities, etc.) and the advancement of ICT, particularly focusing on e-commerce (i.e., B2C). This will conceptually help to re-visit the conventional city structure and its hierarchy. Therefore, classic theories on city structure are discussed in this paper based on two approaches namely, ecological and economic approaches. Burgees’, Hoyt’s and Thunen’s models are brought in to be able to understand the possible impact of ICT on the existing and popular wisdom of city structure and its hierarchy. This impact eventually demonstrates the power towards positive environmental changes, such as reduced number of trips, traffic congestion, low carbon emission, decreasing competition for acquiring high priced land in the CBD, etc.

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