Civic and Citizenship Education in the European Context: Evidence From Research and Open Issues

Civic and Citizenship Education in the European Context: Evidence From Research and Open Issues

Valeria Damiani, Bruno Losito
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7110-0.ch011
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This chapter aims at illustrating and discussing relevant and recent initiatives implemented at European level in the field of civic and citizenship education, the findings of research carried out in this area by international and European organizations, and some possible developments to enhance and to strengthen civic and citizenship education at a school level. The focus is on school and on formal education. In the first part of the chapter, the main programs and initiatives promoted by the Council of Europe and by the European Union are illustrated. In the last part of the chapter, therefore, the initiatives related to the so called “competences for citizenship” and the implications of a competence-oriented approach in the field of CCE are examined.
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The Contribution Of The Council Of Europe And Of The European Union In The Field Of Civic And Citizenship Education

Both the Council of Europe (CoE) and the European Union (EU) have had and still have great influence on citizenship education in Europe. Both organisations contributed to going beyond a national idea of citizenship and of citizenship education and to affirming some fundamental principles and values that inform this field of study. A detailed description and analysis of the official documents, studies, activities of the two organisations is far beyond the purposes of this contribution. Nevertheless, it is interesting to analyse some peculiar features of their activities and proposals and reflect on various facets of citizenship education as it is conceptualised at the European level. Some common aspects of the proposals of the CoE and EU will be further explored in paragraph 3.

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