Climate Change Mitigation Policies

Climate Change Mitigation Policies

Costas P. Pappis (University of Piraeus, Greece)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61692-800-1.ch006
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In the previous chapter the focus has been on issues concerning adaptation to climate change. Key adaptation concepts and policies were introduced and potential adaptation responses in the case of developed and developing parts of the world were summarized. Also, several incentives encouraging or barriers preventing adaptation were identified and the economic framework for adaptation was outlined.
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Drivers Of Global Emissions’ Increase

In Chapter 2 the basic facts of global warming were introduced, based almost exclusively on the latest UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Report (IPCC, 2007), particularly on Working Group I’s Fourth Assessment Report on the Physical Science Basis of Climate Change (IPCCa, 2007). These facts concern changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing, in Earth’s surface and atmosphere, in snow, ice and frozen ground and in the sea level. These changes are due to global warming. The Stern Review provides key past and present facts about the drivers of global emissions’ increase. It also provides relevant key projections. These are summarized as follows (Stern Review, 2006, p. 169):

Stock Rising Due to Human Activities

Greenhouse-gas concentrations in the atmosphere now stand at around 430ppm CO2 e, compared with only 280ppm before the Industrial Revolution. The stock is rising, driven by increasing emissions from human activities, including energy generation and land-use change.

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