Closing and Opening of Cultures

Closing and Opening of Cultures

Joaquín García Carrasco (University of Salamanca, Spain), Evaristo Ovide (University of Salamanca, Spain) and Miriam Borham Puyal (University of Salamanca, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2101-5.ch008
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This chapter describes an objective concept of culture and catalogues, from a pedagogical point of view, large categories of facts that identify cultures. The idealistic perspective of culture is confronted with the perspective of real individuals. When the real subjects become the point of view, the concept of inclusion has to inevitably be taken into consideration. Inclusion, in this context, involves not just individuals with handicaps of whatever kind, but also minority cultures, with a faint voice. It is, therefore, of paramount importance to consider culture from a subjective and inter-subjective perspective.
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The Objectivity Of Culture In The Catalogue Of Actions

Identity and enclosure are too indissoluble properties which run through the realm of life and which contain the concept of autopoiesis. All living beings are autopoietic, they are defined and delimited by their periphery; inwards, they institute an internal medium and, outwards, they delimit a vital environment, which is also part of their systemic definition. The internal medium is characterized by “self attributes”—self-construction, self-reparation, and self-reproduction. The vital environment is distinguished by the group of significant elements and events for the survival and quality of life of each one of the organic species or of the realm of life conceived as a whole.

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