Cloud- and IoT-Powered Smart Connected Cities

Cloud- and IoT-Powered Smart Connected Cities

Pankaj Kumar (National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, India), Lokesh Chouhan (National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, India) and Ankit Songara (National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, India)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 32
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-6207-8.ch004

Abstract

The internet of things (IoT) is rising at a stunning rate. Consistently, every day, the presence of new gadgets, cameras, cell phones, and sensors these are associated with the internet. It is envisioned IoT will find, coordinate, and make utilization of such gadgets and their information in the advance of new service and items that can change and emphatically blow our lives. Presently, IoT and cloud computing are the hottest area used by the researchers. In any case, to the best of the authors' insight, these works do not have a point-by-point investigation of the new Cloud-IoT worldview, which includes totally new applications, challenges, and research issues. To connect this hole, this chapter gives a review on the reconciliation of Cloud and IoT. Beginning by describing basics of both IoT and cloud computing, the authors examine their complementarity, itemizing what is at present heading to their integration. At the end this chapter, the authors describe the smart roadside assistance for smart communities.
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Introduction

Internet of things (IoT) is a new revolution that is speedily growing in the field of the technology world. The main motivation of IoT concept to provide advanced connectivity and pervasive presence of things such as actuators, RFID tag, and sensing device (Bitam, 2015). Unique addressing schemes are available to connect and communicate with the things or object over the internet, e.g., smart homes, car sensors, appliances in smart cities, robots, etc. In IoT, connectivity and near-field communications create enormous new interactive features which are presuming to provide a promising area to upgrade the role of industrial systems such as transport and industrial systems. Systems authority will be able to track vehicles location, predict its future and possible road traffic. IoT can be acknowledged in three ideal models: 1) Internet situated (middleware), 2) Things arranged (sensors), 3) Semantic arranged (information). This result in the generation of tremendous measures of data which must be stored processed and presented in a consistent, proficient and effectively interpretative frame (Gurav, 2010.). These models will represent of an organization that are wares and address in a way like customary wares. cloud computing can give the virtual foundation to such utility processing which coordinates checking devices, storage, analytics, perception stages and customer conveyance. Internet of things (IoT) is a fundamental part of the today’s development of the smart city. Individuals could remotely get to and interface with an extensive variety of gadgets coordinated with sensors, from home apparatuses, wearable gadgets to ecological screens. With such huge scope potential in our day by day life, IoT with lessened vitality utilization (the 'green' quality) has attracted more and more attention. In later a long time, vitality effective systems administration and processing have been broadly considered from numerous points of view, for example, the structure plan, the calculation outline, and the asset reusing

Although a few studies on IoT have been led, none of them is specifically focused on building parts of IoT. With the point of investigating IoT architecture designs, this study is conducted. Accordingly, this work is propelled by the requirement for arranging models, as will be required later on to oblige trillions of devices.

The commitments of the article are various: First, this proposal investigate, highlight, and report premier research propels made in IoT design recently.

  • Then this chapter is categorize and classify IoT structures and devise a scientific categorization

  • Then identify and plot the key prerequisites for future cloud based IoT architecture and smart city concept.

  • A few prominent case studies on smart city based cloud of things are discovered and presented

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Iot Evolution

Norman Joseph started the concept of “web of things” in 1949 when he invented standardized tag known as bar code after then got the patent for the standardized tag, then Morton heilig developed “Sesorama” in the year 1950, the primary head mounted to show that gave a client the experience of riding a motorcycle. After that internet act as the primary segment in the year 1962, which started as the important component in Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) then enhanced the technology and it changed into ARPANET (Gurav, 2010.) (He W Yan, 2014.).

Similar to traditional post system in the computer network, the ability to communicate between two end points to understand the sender and receiver location, find how to relay the message to the destination. Standardization of message and results taking ability, where deciding factor that makes today internet a ubiquitous network of global connecting. This standardization attributed to internet protocol suite. The global addressing system in internet protocol (IP) suite is called IPv4 that provide approximately 4 billion unique addressing for the end point of communication.

Today world population has already surpassed 7 billion people. As consequences, the unique addressing has to be share for security perspective and communication between the end device and user. The need of IoT indicates that the user wants to connect with the device to interact with each other. It is an informational network that used for monitoring of information about real-world. The interfacing between the Internet and machine to machine (M2M) is done by communication that considered as most important part of IoT network (Jiang L. D., 2014).

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