Cloud-Based IoT Architecture for Green Buildings

Cloud-Based IoT Architecture for Green Buildings

Rejo Rajan Mathew (Mukesh Patel School of Technology, Management and Engineering, NMIMS University, India) and Vikram Kulkarni (Mukesh Patel School of Technology, Management and Engineering, NMIMS University, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2803-7.ch004
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Abstract

Green building (GB) is a game changer as the world is moving towards conserving its resources. Green building management systems available nowadays are too expensive and cannot cater to small or medium-sized buildings. Internet of things-based systems use simple, low-cost sensors, signal processing, and high-level learning methods. Studies on building occupancy and human activities help improve design and push the energy conservation levels. With huge amounts of data and improved learning systems, the impetus is to capture the information and use it well to improve design and justify the green building concept. Cloud-based architecture helps to monitor, capture, and process the data, which acts as input to intelligent learning systems, which in turn help to improve the design and performance of current green building management systems. This chapter discusses role of cloud-based internet of things architecture in improving design and performance of current building management systems.
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Introduction

Basic Principles of Sustainable Green Buildings

The Green Building (GB) concept is a going to define the relationship between the indoor environment and natural environment (B. Campbell et al., 2016). In the recent times the GB plan is becoming very important and creating awareness by adapting efficient building material, equipment to improve energy efficiency etc. The building has positive and negative impacts on both the natural environment and inhabitants who live every day (Latif Onur Uğur, 2018). GB main aim is to decrease the negative influence on environment by initiating the decreased use of water, power and decreased emission of radiation are some expectations (Ziwen Liu, 2017). The modern home automation technologies have created many opportunities and have proposed many intelligent solutions for the problems identified by the GB’s society. Among the intelligent solutions necessary for modern home automation based GB’s, many research groups have identified the Internet of Things (IoT) is most suitable and is going to address all the requirements needed. (Yujie Lu et al., 2017).

IoT is an advanced system which is embedded with technologies like modern instrumentation (smart sensors and smart actuators), information and data-communication and cloud computing (S. D. T. Kelly et al. 2013), (Georgios Lilis et al. 2014) . The modern GB’s is thus becoming the data-hub generating huge data (Andreas P et al. 2018). Rapid advancements of GB technology have created a lot of new opportunities in the areas like Energy Management (Smart Grid) (S. Sofana Reka et al., 2018), Advanced Health-Care for overcoming the challenges faced (Ana Reyna et al. 2018) [10]. The progress in IT technology and data analytics have found increased relevance in the way GBs are transforming themselves to the “Connected Hub-of-Buildings” (Dragos Mocrii et al. 2018).

The Hub-of-Buildings generate huge volumes of the data in terms of Energy usage, Data identification for Security reasons, Smart cities, Health care, Control and Automation and integration of Renewable energy. The huge volumes of data needs proper recognition and must be made use of, to take appropriate decisions hence that leads to Big-data solutions (D. E. Boubiche et al. 2018).

IoT combined with ubiquitous computing provides enormous data and information about building (M. W. Condry et al. 2016). These relationships enable GB to forecast, predict, and optimize its operations and needs. This ability of Green Building to be self-aware, self-regulated and optimized transforms it into “Sustainable Green Building.” IoT generating Big-Data in correlation with GB’s is at primary stage. This union of different technologies is influencing the industry of GB’s. The mechanisms of Green Buildings is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1.

Mechanisms for Green Buildings

978-1-7998-2803-7.ch004.f01

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