Cloud Computing for E-Governance

Cloud Computing for E-Governance

N. Raghavendra Rao (FINAIT Consultancy Services, India)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 32
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3182-1.ch005

Abstract

Multidisciplinary experts are required to develop a model for resource management in a country. Various concepts in information and communication technology are required to be applied in designing and developing a model for the management of natural resources. The concepts such as cloud computing along with social media play an important role. Case illustrations are discussed in this chapter stressing the role of cloud computing along with the concepts of collaborative technology in developing models for the benefit of citizens in a country.
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Coordination For E-Governance

UNESCO defines E-Governance as: “Governance refers to the exercise of political, economic and administrative authority in the management of Country’s affairs, including citizen’s articulation of their interests and exercise of their legal rights and obligations. E-governance may be understood as the performance of this governance via the disseminating information to the public, and other agencies, and for performing government administrative activities.”

UNESCO definition indicates the importance of coordination among the Government departments to provide and improve the Government services, transactions with citizens, business, and other departments of government. E-Governance in the area of natural resource management in any country will be successful only when there is coordination among the various government departments.

Framing policies pertaining to natural resource and managing them will not be with one department under any government. An e-governance consisting of a multidisciplinary expert is required to develop a model for resources management in a country (Kaushik A and Kaushik C P, 2006). Electronic governance will help the members of the core team and the various departments in the government to facilitate in managing their resources. When they work as a team, they need to have centralized data pertaining to geographical information both quantitative and textual content. Then only it will be possible to develop a knowledge based system for natural resources management. Further the knowledge based system will be useful for environmental management and natural disaster management. Cloud computing is more useful for data-intensive application such as a knowledge based system for natural resources management. This application has to manage data replication for facilitating data recovery and responding dynamically to changes in the volume of data in databases. Cloud computing supports the above requirements (Buyya & Sukumar, 2011).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Social media: It uses web-based technology to quickly disseminate knowledge and information to a large number of users.

Governance: Exercise of political, economic, and administrative authority in the management of country’s affairs, including citizens articulation of their interests.

Ecology: Study of interactions of living organisms with their biotic and abiotic environment.

Natural Disasters: Hazards that destroy or damage wildlife habitats, property, and human settlements.

Landfill: Solid wastes are dumped in the low-lying areas.

Social Networks: This allows people to build personal web pages and then connect with friends to share content and communicate.

Green Computing: Green Computing refers to environmentally sustainable computing.

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