Cloud Computing to Improve Agri-Supply Chains in Developing Countries

Cloud Computing to Improve Agri-Supply Chains in Developing Countries

Hari S. Srivastava (University of Technology, Papua New Guinea) and Lincoln C. Wood (Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand & School of Information Systems, Curtin University, Australia)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-5888-2.ch101
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Overview Of Agri-Supply Chains In Developing Countries And Challenges Faced By The Farmers

Agri-supply chains provide a collaborative framework that link different actors from farm-to-table including growers, pickers, storage and transport service providers, processors, distributors, and retailers responsible for efficient flow of products with minimum costs to satisfy customers’ requirements in terms of quality, quantity, price, and safety (Figure 1).

Figure 1.

Conceptual diagram of agri-supply chain

Key Terms in this Chapter

E-Learning: A learning method that includes numerous media that deliver text, audio, images, animation, videos, and simulation to support the learning process. Technology applications and processes such as audio or video tape, satellite TV, CD-ROM, or Internet-based delivery support learners to access required materials and develop their understanding of topics.

Virtualization: A trend in IT that separates hardware from the software. Cloud computing, for example is the virtualization of computer program which allows its user to use different software through the Internet without needing to have installed all the software.

Load Balancing: A computer networking method for distributing workloads across multiple computing resources. Load balancing aims to optimize resource use, maximize throughput, minimize response time, and avoid overload of any one of the resources.

On-Demand Services: Allows consumers to customize computing capabilities, such as server time and network storage, as needed automatically, without requiring human interaction with the cloud provider. On-demand self-service allows users to obtain, configure and deploy applications themselves using cloud service catalogues, without requiring the assistance of trained person. This feature is listed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as a characteristic of cloud computing.

Multi-Tenancy: A principle in software architecture as one to many where single software runs on a server, serving multiple client-organizations (tenants). With a multi-tenant architecture, a software application is designed to virtually partition its data and configuration, and each client organization works with a customized virtual application instance.

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