Cloud Computing: An Enabler in Managing Natural Resources in a Country

Cloud Computing: An Enabler in Managing Natural Resources in a Country

N. Raghavendra Rao (FINAIT Consultancy Services, India)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8339-6.ch007
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Abstract

The growth of the Internet has provided scope for multiple applications. Governments in both developed and developing nations have started making use of the Internet in their functioning. The idea behind these governments moving from manual work to IT enabled systems through the Internet is to improve governance. Framing policies pertaining to natural resources and managing them will not be with one department under any government. E-governance, consisting of multidisciplinary experts, is required to develop a model for natural resources management in a country. The electronic governance will help the members of the e-governance and the various departments in the government to facilitate in managing their natural resources. E-governance in the area of natural resources management in any country will be successful only when there is coordination among the various government departments. Cloud computing is economically viable for implementation of e-governance projects. This chapter suggests a conceptual model for managing natural resources and natural disaster management for a country under cloud computing environment.
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Coordination For E-Governance

UNESCO defines E-Governance as: “Governance refers to the exercise of political, economic and administrative authority in the management of Country’s affairs, including citizen’s articulation of their interests and exercise of their legal rights and obligations. E-governance may be understood as the performance of this governance via the disseminating information to the public, and other agencies, and for performing government administrative activities.

UNESCO definition indicates the importance of coordination among the Government departments to provide and improve the Government services, transactions with citizens, business, and other departments of government. E-Governance in the area of natural resource management in any country will be successful only when there is coordination among the various government departments.

Framing policies pertaining to natural resource and managing them will not be with one department under any government. An e-governance consisting of a multidisciplinary expert is required to develop a model for resources management in a country (Kaushik, & Kaushik, 2006). Electronic governance will help the members of the core team and the various departments in the government to facilitate in managing their resources. When they work as a team, they need to have centralized data pertaining to geographical information both quantitative and textual content. Then only it will be possible to develop a knowledge based system for natural resources management. Further the knowledge based system will be useful for environmental management and natural disaster management. Cloud computing is more useful for data-intensive application such as knowledge based system for natural resources management. This application has to manage data replication for facilitating data recovery and responding dynamically to changes in the volume of data in databases. Cloud computing supports the above requirements (Buyya,& Sukumar, 2011).

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