Clustering Global Entrepreneurship through Data Mining Technique

Clustering Global Entrepreneurship through Data Mining Technique

Paula Odete Fernandes (Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Portugal) and Rui Pedro Lopes (Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Portugal)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1923-2.ch028

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to contribute for the identification of groups of countries that share similar patterns regarding the characteristics of Global Entrepreneurship and capturing features of entrepreneurship by focusing on entrepreneurial attitudes and entrepreneurial activity. For this purpose, 67 countries from 2013 GEM survey were selected, and Data Mining Methodology was used. In particular, evolutionary computation is used to determine a finite set of categories to describe the data set according to multi-dimensional similarities among its objects. In other words, several clustering algorithms where used, to get the best categories possible. The results show four clusters with different entrepreneurial attitudes among the countries - very high, medium and low entrepreneurial attitudes and entrepreneurial activities.
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1. Data Mining Techniques

The way we work and live has been shaped by the advances of technology. As devices become smaller, they tend to be with us anywhere, anytime. The storage, processing capacity, autonomy has been constantly increasing, which makes us less afraid of relying on their functionality and on keeping including them in our daily routine.

These omnipresent devices make it easy to save things previously discarded. Our decisions, holiday pictures, documents, supermarket choices, walking tours are all registered in the devices and uploaded for future reference to the huge information repository in clouds everywhere. The generation of data is growing much faster than our capacity to understand it.

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