Collaboration: Academes, Government, and Community to Drive Economic Uplift and Empowerment

Collaboration: Academes, Government, and Community to Drive Economic Uplift and Empowerment

Christopher Alan Bullock (New Castle County, USA)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 24
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3649-9.ch001
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Driving on the works of Dr. King, this researcher developed an integrated framework for understanding how engaged scholarship and civic responsibility organize into three diverse modes: social justice, economic opportunity, and educational uplift: prospectively, in real time, and retrospectively. The researcher unveils how these modes are generally positioned in an influential discourse of risk that lead organizations to reduce risk by controlling risk uniformly that propels the approval of certain risk conditions over others, and through the privatizing of certain key points of information. Besides identification of the communal manner risk is categorized in the three given modes, and demonstrating the manner in which risk is appended by influential discourse, the researcher purports different ways to organize risk that leads to demonstrated positive social justice, enhanced economic opportunity, and educational uplift. This chapter provides for academicians, community leaders, and government official enhanced knowledge about engaged scholarship and civic responsibility.
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The global financial crises hit the world market in 2008, according to Hardy and McGill (2016). A global hurricane ascended throughout the financial industry by way of the second-largest banking catastrophe (Lu, 2015). Throughout this economic decline, the United States’ financial housing economy, serving as the principal investment for personal households, was forced to face a financial exposure that left the world in quandary (Liou, 2013; Murphy, 2011, Lu, 2015). This predicament affected the United States, and particularly, to this chapter, the State of Delaware. Put forward by Norton and Watt (2014), today, young people continue to face massive trials, and particularly when reared in urban environments. Also indicated by Norton and Watt (2014), periling issues such as poverty, community and family violence, as well as influences such as exposure to gangs and drugs menace nourishing and wholesome development. The question is, “What does the data show as the market’s effect on Delaware?”

The 2010 census for Delaware and New Castle County showed a population of ‘897,936’ [and] ‘538,477’ (United States Census Bureau, 2010; Geoscience News and Information, 2016) respectively. Of all the three Delaware counties, Kent County, New Castle County, and Sussex County (Muhammad, 2007; United States Census Bureau, 2010) surveyed, New Castle County’s 19720 zip code reported as having the highest poverty level, lowest test scores, and highest juvenile delinquency (United States Census Bureau, 2010). The data showed startling specific indicators of the 19720 zip code. Of the 25 years of age and over population, the United States Census Bureau (2010) showed 39,462; of that number, 3,970, were estimated to be below the poverty level, a percentage of 10.1. Also, the data showed 5,932 held less than a high school degree (United States Census Bureau, 2010); of this number 1,253 were below poverty level, a percentage of 21.1. In terms of the number of the civilian labor force 16 years and older, the census showed 30, 367; of this number 2,125 were below the poverty level, a percentage of 7.0. The number of people employed showed 27,285, 5.4%. The number of unemployed showed 3,082, 20.9%. The poverty status for individuals showed 27.8%. The overall view is that of high poverty, low test scores and juvenile delinquency.

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