Collaborative Governance: A New Paradigm Shift for the Smart Cities

Collaborative Governance: A New Paradigm Shift for the Smart Cities

Gedifew Sewenet Yigzaw
Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 35
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-5326-8.ch001
(Individual Chapters)
No Current Special Offers


In this 21st century, collaborative governance has got a great attention to resolve socio-economic problems and assure sustainable development goals. It is a new form of governance in which multi-stakeholders, such as the public agencies, private sectors, civil society organizations and international public organizations are working together to build trust in government, resolve societal challenges, assure economic prosperity and development, and bring institutional transformation. This book chapter describes the theoretical and conceptual perspectives of collaborative governance. The author believed that giving some insights on the collaborative governance; conceptual understanding, the dynamics and importance of collaborative governance for building the smart cities, its nexus with development, and measurement parameters for checking its effectiveness, could produce a theoretical and conceptual asset for the other authors who want to make an in-depth investigation on the areas of governance.
Chapter Preview

1. Introduction

No organization of government possesses sufficient authority, resources, and knowledge to effect the enactment and achievement of policy intentions. Instead, policies require the concerted efforts of multiple actors, all possessing significant capabilities but each dependent on multiple others to solidify policy intention and convert it into action. Indeed, it is often difficult for anyone actor, or group of actors, to manage, or manipulate the flow of problems and solutions onto the political agenda in the first place. (Bressers, O’Toole, & Richardson, 1995)

The concept of governance has become very fashionable development agenda over the past several decades in the political science and public administration areas. The term has been widely used by policy makers, politicians, governance practitioners, international organizations, and other different stakeholders. One of the key characteristics of using a governance lens is the recognition that there is a wide range of actors involved in governance, such as various government organizations, business sectors, civil society organizations, for example, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and community groups and the private sectors (Devas, 2001). When we take a snapshot concept of governance, Yohannes (2017) has described governance as “a new process of governing or a changed condition of ordered rule or the new method by which society is governed. He has also added that governance deals with the methods by which citizens participate in decision making, how government is accountable to its citizens and how the society obliges its members to be governed by its rules and laws. From this instance, it is considered as a ruling system consisting of delegation of authority, power decentralization, people's participation, and group/stakeholder dynamism in level of participation, idea sharing and decision-making. From these all perspectives, one can infer that the issue of governance embraces all of the methods- good and bad that societies use to distribute power and manage public resources and problems. Hence, it is the relationship and collective decision-making process contracted between and/or among the civil society and the state, between rulers and ruled; the government and the governed. In a broadest sense of the term, it comprises the mechanisms, processes and institutions, through which citizens and groups articulate their interests, exercise their legal rights, meet their obligations and mediate their differences. Moreover, Aluko (2010) also defines governance as the act or process of governing a nation, state, or legal entity. It is the activity of governing a country, controlling, ruling, managing, regulating, influencing, or directing a place. Governance recognizes that power exists inside and outside the formal authority and institutions of government.

The formation of governance as a new model of arrangement recognizes government, civil society and the private sector as the key actors in the administration apparatus and providing services to citizens. At the local level, these groups can be further specified to include central government, state or provincial government (where applicable), local authorities, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), community-based organizations (CBOs), and the private sector. In the urban context, governance is the sum of many ways; individuals and institutions plan and manage the common affairs of the city (Adegun, 2011). This understanding lens consists of governance as a concept that recognizes the power existence inside and outside the formal authority and institutions of government, and governance emphasizes as a process. Besides, it recognizes that decisions are made based on complex relationships between many actors with different priorities.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Policy: A general guideline which provides clear direction to formulate specific programs.

Stakeholders: They are active participants or actors in the governing arrangement.

Development: It is a continual process of change in terms of both qualitative and quantitative aspects of human life.

Goals: They are observable and achievable end results of development which can be successful at the termination period.

Collaborative Governance: It is a new form of governance which deals with a governing arrangement of collective decision making between and among different stakeholders.

Governance: A process, mechanism, and technique in which collective decision making has been made for the benefits of the public at large (for the public importance).

Collaboration: A coordination and working jointly with other stakeholders for the purpose of the common good.

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book: