Combating Malaria: A Complex System and Agent-Based Approach

Combating Malaria: A Complex System and Agent-Based Approach

Narjès Bellamine-BenSaoud (University La Monouba, Tunisia) and Fatima Rateb (University College London, UK)
Copyright: © 2007 |Pages: 21
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-265-7.ch004
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In this chapter, we investigate how complexity theory and more particularly how agent-based modeling and simulation can benefit the explanation of the impact of education on malaria health care in Haiti. Our model includes: (1) the environment, encompassing mainly cities, roads, hospitals and schools; (2) the agents, modeling the human actors, who can be safe or infected by malaria disease according to their location in the environment; and (3) a modelled agent can also be mobile or not, can reproduce, and can die. We run four kinds of experiments over a 50-year period each. Our main emerging results are growing total agent, susceptible, and immune populations in a “cyclic” fluctuation form. Furthermore, we confirm the positive impact of both education and hospitals in combating malaria disease.

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