Commercial Potentials of NBIoT and Its Impact on the Economy

Commercial Potentials of NBIoT and Its Impact on the Economy

Sasmita Mohanty (University of Aveiro, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4775-5.ch004
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The internet of things (IoT) has emerged as a potential game changer in the modern ICT landscape. Like several other technologies, it is going to disrupt the global markets to a large extent. The main potentials of IoT are its pervasive presence and multiple applications. For the large-scale deployment of the IoTs, a huge amount of resources are needed. In that case, a lighter or energy efficient version of the IoT is preferred for the large scale projects such as the smart cities and healthcare applications. In this regard, narrowband IoT (NBIoT) is preferred which is a resource efficient version of the modern IoTs. The pervasive uses of the IoTs are going to change the economy and the social landscapes to a large extent. IoT will be pervasive, and it will touch every aspect of the human lives. Due to its pervasiveness, the economy associated with it is going to be equally pervasive. In this chapter, the aim is to provide the commercial potentials of NBIoT and to analyze the changes it can bring to the economy. In the commercial potentials the author include the common applications where NBIoT is the main choice and can play a crucial role in the long term. Normally, these sectors are widely accessible to the general public such as the healthcare, traffic monitoring systems, smart cities, utilities management, retail management, industrial automation, and the emergency services.
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Modern digital landscape is changing very fast due to the arrival of the Internet of things (IoT). Through the cellular networks, it was possible to connect remote areas through the mobile devices. Now, IoT has gone much beyond it. Now, through the sensors and actuators one can connect the objects with the Internet. The wireless sensor networks (WSNs) were the extension of the interconnected sensors for some specific tasks. The introduction of the computing and the communication protocols for data transfer changed the whole scenario. WSNs were changed by a large margin in terms of their capabilities. Now the WSNs have been changed to IoTs to a large extent (Routray, 2020). In this new paradigm of IoTs there are numerous issues. Resource requirements and utilization in the operations is one of the main issues. In this regard, IoT has several versions which can save the resources significantly. Narrowband IoT (NBIoT) is one such leaner and thinner versions of IoTs which needs very small amount of transmit power and bandwidth (Routray, 2020). This is how it becomes popular in several applications.

NBIoT is one of the popular and standardized versions of IoT. It has been standardized in several releases of LTE since the first one in Release 13. It is very popular due to its easy compatibility with the cellular networks. It can be deployed in 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G cellular networks. Of course in 5G it will have a large number of functionalities and better control over the resource utilization. NBIoT over 5G networks is certainly an attractive solution for large projects which needs a lot of sensors and covers a large area. Main popularity of NBIoT is due its low power wide area (LPWA) features, meaning it consumes very low power for its operations while covering the services over a large area. Among the LPWA members NBIoT is one of the most popular ones due to its simple deployment and low costs.

Due to the widespread applications of NBIoT, it is now one of the main technologies in the changing IoT paradigm. It can be deployed over the cellular networks and if needed can have its own networks in a standalone mode. Deployment of NBIoT is faster, simpler, and cheaper (Routray, 2019). So NBIoT is popular for a large number of applications ranging from the smart cities to agriculture to healthcare to manufacturing. This is how the investment on NBIoT is growing very fast. It has a considerably large potential in the IoT based technology markets. Now its economy is very significant in the technology domain.

In this chapter, we study and analyze the current and future commercial potentials of NBIoT. We study and analyze a large number of contemporary literatures on this subject. The increasing importance of NBIoT too has been studied in this chapter. In Section 2, we analyze the recent literatures on IoT and NBIoT. We find the previous instances of commercial applications of these technologies. In Section 3, we go through the potentials of NBIoT and its applications. In Section 4, we analyze the market of NBIoT considering the current trends and the future projections. In Section 5, we go through the future research directions foreseeable for the NBIoT potentials and applications. In the last Section, we conclude the chapter with the summarizing points.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Commercial Potentials of NBIoT: The ability of NBIoT technology to create demands in the markets to sell the products which are either directly or indirectly related to its own applications.

Impact of IoT on the Economy: IoT will create a new market for its technologies and components. These new demands and their supply through new production units will have a direct effect on the economy. In addition to that there will be indirect impact on the economy through the applications of IoTs in different sectors.

Narrowband IoT: It is a special form IoT which consumes a very few resources when compared with the conventional IoTs. So it is a leaner and thinner version of the IoT.

Internet of Things: It is a communication and computing framework using sensors and other supporting devices which facilitates the interconnection between the objects and the Internet.

Impact of NBIoT on the Economy: NBIoT is the leaner and thinner version of the IoT. It will affect the markets where low power and wide coverage areas are deemed suitable. It is expected that for all large scale deployment NBIoT will be preferred over other forms of IoTs.

Industry 4.0: This is the fourth generation of the industrial revolution. It is enabled by IoT and its components. It is expected to be an autonomous system of production.

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