Computer Assisted Assessment Patterns for Different Target Users: The Case of Multimedia Questionnaires

Computer Assisted Assessment Patterns for Different Target Users: The Case of Multimedia Questionnaires

Patricia Santos (Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain), Davina Hernández-Leo (Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain), Toni Navarrete (Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain) and Josep Blat (Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-144-7.ch014
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In e-learning, a large diversity of patterns are proposed for different types of target users (e.g. teachers, developers, etc.), although in some cases these potential users are not clearly defined. The context of study in this chapter is focused on Computer Assisted Assessment (CAA) processes. Within the large number of methods to assess learning, the use of eQuestionnaires that make use of technical assessment specifications such as IMS Question and Test Interoperability (QTI) are studied. We analyze how the design, creation and use of question items in a CAA process are structured in stages where different users are involved. According to each user and his/her problem, a specific good practice can be applied. This information can be organized in a pattern. In this chapter, three potential patterns addressed to three different target users who work in the integration of new opportunities on CAA using multimedia Web 2.0 services in an eQuestionnaire are addressed. Each pattern belongs to a different pattern language; however, they are complementary and dependent among them. This chapter includes a preliminary survey study to identify whether the use of patterns can improve the tasks and relations among users in CAA processes. The evaluation results indicate that users recognize the potential use of patterns to support the sharing of good practices.
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Creating New Questionitems For An Equestionnaire Using Web 2.0 Services

As a solution to create new questionItems, in this chapter we propose to combine multimedia Web 2.0 services with assessment specifications. As a proof of concept, we use the assessment specification QTI (IMS, 2006) and the GoogleMaps service (QTI-GoogleMaps) (Bouzo, Batlle, Navarrete, & Blat, 2007).

Our aim is twofold: (1) analyse the stages, context, problems and users involved in the process of creating new questionItems. And (2) analyse if the steps followed in point (1) can potentially represent good practice solutions for common problems around the creation of new questionItems using multimedia Web 2.0 services and an assessment specification.

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