Concerns for Individuals with Intellectual Disability in India

Concerns for Individuals with Intellectual Disability in India

Priyanka Behrani (The Maharaja Sayajirao University, India) and Dorothy Bhandari Deka (Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0089-6.ch011
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Abstract

Intellectual disability (intellectual developmental disorder) is characterized by deficits in general mental abilities, such as reasoning, problem solving, planning, abstract thinking judgment, academic learning, and learning from experience (DSM V). This neuro developmental disorder is one of the conditions with onset in the developmental period. This condition has been classified into four categories on the basis of the individual's IQ (Intelligence quotient). The objective of the present paper is to highlight some of the areas that are related to the concerns for the people with intellectual disability. The paper focuses on the following topics: 1) Legal services, 2) Challenges faced by parents, 3) Health issues, 4) Sexual knowledge, 5) Marriage, 6) Quality of life, 7) Old age, 8) Attitude of society towards the individual with intellectual disability, 9) Implications, management and prevention for future improvement for individuals with intellectual disability.
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According to National Legal Services Authority (Legal Services to the Mentally Ill Persons and Persons with Mental Disabilities Schemes, 2010), there are 14 rights that are rendered to the individuals with intellectual disability. Rights provided to the individuals with intellectual disability such as, legal services to mentally retarded persons (MRs), appointment of guardians under the National Trust Act, 1999 for the their welfare in the society.

Matters to be considered while representing legal services to individuals with intellectual difficulty:

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