Constructivism

Constructivism

İbrahim Sözcü (Aksaray University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3146-4.ch002

Abstract

In this chapter, there is a philosophical analysis of constructivism, which is the product of postmodern understanding and is the most debated educational trend of the last period. In the first section, constructivism is analyzed in the light of ontological and epistemological foundations, and its relation with the subjectivist understanding of science is revealed. In the second part, the possibilities offered by constructivism in terms of educational practice are discussed. The focus of the study is to identify the intersections of all discourses on constructivism and to explain them based on these intersections. In order to bring the discussion to a philosophical ground, the authors believe that addressing the issue in an epistemological and ontological context will provide the philosophical essence of constructivist theory.
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Philosophical Constructivism: Basic Assertions

Philosophical constructivism, which is an eclectic character, has some basic arguments that are based on the historical assertions mentioned above, and these arguments also are related to the ontological and epistemological foundations of constructivist learning theories.

  • a.

    Ontological reality is structured by individual consciousness. There is no ontological reality that can be known out of cognition, culture and language. So reality is relative.

According to philosophers of philosophical constructivism, reality has a more complex structure than we perceive. Reality is created by us and is not given to us. Both information about reality and our thoughts about the outside world are influenced by the interaction of our experiences with the outside world. According to Fluery (1998), constructivism is characterized by two philosophical principles. First, the information is effectively configured by the subject's cognition. Second, the function of knowledge is the regulation of the experienced world, not the discovery of ontological reality.

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