Contribution of Outdoor Play Activities to Infant and Toddler Development

Contribution of Outdoor Play Activities to Infant and Toddler Development

Sibel Atli (Van Yuzuncu Yil University, Turkey) and Gülen Baran (Ankara University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2952-2.ch017

Abstract

The natural environment has generally a structure to support all areas of development of children. It can be said that the interior spaces are deprived of naturalness and have less stimulation compared to outdoor spaces. Playgrounds outdoors have forms, textures, heights, and mobility in a natural or artificial landscape have the energy to encourage children to play and move. The first years of the early childhood period are of a vital importance in terms of all areas of development. Pedagogues or parents should provide the activities and environments that will enable the infants and toddlers to get pleasure out of life and that can create a learning skill and give new skills to the children at same time. Therefore, in this study, outdoor and outdoor play activities that will support the development areas of 0-36-month-old children will be discussed.
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Background

The first years of early childhood are critically important for all development areas (Morrison, 2007). It is noted that during the childhood children physically develop very fast, almost complete their linguistic development and generally speak their mother tongue, and realize their self, gender identity and emotions (Oktay &Unutkan, 2005; San Bayhan & Artan, 2011; MEB, 2013). The cognitive development that allows their way to understand the world to be more complex and effective (Kürkçüoğlu, 2010) is also very important for the childhood.

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