Creative Life Experience among Students in Medical Education

Creative Life Experience among Students in Medical Education

Miao Yu (China Medical University, China), Jianxin Li (China Medical University, China) and Wei Wang (China Medical University, China)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0643-0.ch008
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Abstract

This chapter mainly focuses on creativity and creative life experience of medical students in a university in China, in order to find out strategies of improving the medical students' creativity. The methods such as literature review, participation, intervention, and questionnaire survey are used jointly in this study. The students are divided into experimental group and control group. A two-month creative psychological intervention is carried out with the experimental group, and the results show that the level of creative life experience factors of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of control group after the intervention, which indicates that appropriate creative psychological intervention has certain effect on improving university students' creative life experience.
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Background

Creativity Psychology: Definition and Characteristics

Creativity psychology refers to the creative factors people may exhibit in the process of cognitive process, emotional process and willed process, including the creative factors in people's needs, motivations, beliefs and personality, temperament, ability of psychological orientation and psychological characteristics. During the activities of creation, one may has his complex psychological structure, in which the creativity is the basic composition, and the creative thought is the core of the creative ability. Creativity psychology has five characteristics including the uniqueness and novelty, the divergent and flexibility, the logical, the subject of potential, and the risky. At the same time, “college students' creative thinking has the development features, namely the depth of thought constantly increasing, the divergent thinking number constantly rising, and the independence, critical and initiative of thinking continuously improve” (Chen, 2008, p. 2-3).

Many theories of creativity are put forward, such as the three-dimensional intelligence structure theory (Guildford, 1991), which believes that there are two forms of thinking: convergent thinking and divergent thinking, and divergent thinking is the core of the creative thinking. Guildford (1991) defined creativity as the joint of a variety of abilities.

To gradually cultivate the medical students’ strong innovation consciousness and innovation ability to entrepreneurs, the following several aspects may be help in accordance with their main characteristics and performance: 1) strengthen ideological education work, provides the ideological basis for cultivating students' creativity; 2) scientifically build the creativity psychology knowledge structure framework of college students; 3) designing evaluation methods for their learning evaluation; 4) strengthen the practice teaching and focus on the cultivation of students' creative ability; 5) develop the personality of college students and respect their interests; 6) creating an innovative ability training and educational environment; 7) strengthen the basic construction of teaching and research.

Key Terms in this Chapter

QQ Online Chat Group: The online chat site created by Tencent Company, China.

The 97 Grade Students: The norm of student's grade distinguish in China Medical University, refers to the 97th batch of students since the university established. It should be noted that the grade of China medical university students is not necessarily completely corresponding with the year, that is to say, sometimes there is only one grade students in several years, however, there are two or more grade students in one year.

Five-year Classes: A kind of education system that requires students to complete the learning five years.

Big Creativity: The common sense of creativity, in this article, it especially refers to the creative performance in frontier technology development and professional field.

Small Creativity: The special sense of creativity, in this article, it refers to the creative performance in daily life.

Central Committee of the Communist Party of China: The central authority of the communist party of China, elected by Chinese communist party national congress.

The State Council: The highest executive organ of China, it is the highest state administrative organ of China.

Seven-Year Classes: A kind of education system that requires students to complete the learning seven years.

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