Critical Issues in the Invasion of the Internet of Things (IoT): Security, Privacy, and Other Vulnerabilities

Critical Issues in the Invasion of the Internet of Things (IoT): Security, Privacy, and Other Vulnerabilities

Shravani Devarakonda (Charles Sturt University, Australia), Malka N. Halgamuge (The University of Melbourne, Australia) and Azeem Mohammad (Charles Sturt University, Australia)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 23
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7432-3.ch010

Abstract

In this chapter, the authors collected data from issues related to threats in the applications of IoT-based technologies that describe the security and privacy issues from 30 peer reviewed publications from 2014 to 2017. Further, they analyzed each threat type and its percentages in each application of the internet of things. The results indicated that the applications of smart transportation (20%) face the highest amount of security and privacy issues followed by smart home (19%) and smart cities (18%) compared to the rest of the applications. Further, they determined that the biggest threats were denial of service attack (9%) followed by eavesdropping (5%), man in the middle (4%), and replay (4%). Denial of service attacks and man in the middle attack are active attacks that can severely damage human life whereas eavesdropping is a passive attack that steals information. This study has found that privacy issues have the biggest impacts on people. Therefore, researchers need to find possible solutions to these threats to improve the quality of IoT applications.
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Introduction

In the most recent decade, there has been economic growth and social transformation that has prompted the urbanization rush in the world (Zhang et al., 2017). There is a continued growth in technologies due to the Internet of Things (IoT) is in every part of the people’s lives in the 21st century (Pishva, 2017). By 2030, it is estimated that urban areas population will reach 5 billion (Zhang et al., 2017) and a few experts are estimating that more than 50 billion things would be connected to the networking world. Most of these associates to unsecured actuators and sensors (Ronen et al., 2017) for a lower marketplace and customers demand services (Geneiatakis et al., 2017). The mission of smart cities in urban areas is quick growth that increases the opportunities (Srivastava, 2017). Some of the applications which come under the smart city concept which are shown in the Table 1.

Table 1.
Diverse types of applications with sub-applications in the Internet of Things
     Smart Living               ✓ Smart Surveillance
               ✓ Smart Recycle
               ✓ Social Network
               ✓ Smart Community
               ✓ Smart Home
     Smart Energy               ✓ Smart Energy
               ✓ Smart Grid
     Smart Services               ✓ Intelligent Governance
               ✓ Intelligent Health Care
               ✓ Intelligent Transportation
               ✓ Smart Parking
     Smart Environment               ✓ Smart Weather
               ✓ Environment Monitoring
     Smart Industry               ✓ Intelligent Industry
               ✓ Intelligent Control

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