Critical Review About Aquaponics: Non-Boring Sciences as a Base of Competence

Critical Review About Aquaponics: Non-Boring Sciences as a Base of Competence

Olga Belianina, Elina Ushakova
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3485-3.ch009
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This chapter is a conceptual platform for the work of a network of regional experimental sites that work out various aspects of the implementation of design and research activities in the study of aquaponics. The chapter contains a description of the experience of creating a new component of the regional education system “Aquaponics in Education”, the construction of the content of education in the educational organization, taking into account the new component; Designing a unified network of interaction between educational organizations of various types for the implementation of the author's experimental program “The Academy of non – boring Sciences. Aquaponics “. Methodical recommendations on the inclusion of innovative equipment Fish Plant Family Unit and Fish Plant Production in the educational system, the direction of design and research activities of students in the field of aquaponics are proposed.
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The first mention of the joint cultivation of fish and plants is in the civilization of the Aztecs, then the ancient Chinese. In the 21st century, this technology is entering a new stage of development.

Traditionally, fish were grown in large ponds, or in mesh paddocks on the ocean coast, but in the past 35 years, significant progress has been made in recirculating aquaculture systems.

Their advantage lies in the fact that fish can be grown much more: up to 1 kg per 7.5 liters of water, thereby using only a portion of the water and space needed to grow the same amount of fish in a pond or net enclosure. In the XX century, along with aquaculture aquaponics began to develop. This is due to the farmers’ search for methods of growing fish, which allow reducing the dependence on land, water and other resources.

In the 1970s, Dr. James Rakosi at the University of Virgin Islands began the research on the use of plants as a natural filter.

The first large-scale commercial aquaponics facility, the Bioshallers in Amherst (USA, Massachusetts) was established in the mid-1980s, and is still in operation.

Home aquaponics owes its origin in the early 1990s to Tom and Paul Spuraneo, owners of a marine farm in West Plains (Missouri, USA). They diligently improved the technique of the nutrient layer, which is more suitable for small systems, and compiled a guide with practical recommendations that became the launching pad for many home systems. Leaders in aquaponics became Dutch. In Europe, in Canada, in the United States, the aquaponics see the future. In Japan, they united a garden, a garden and an aquarium. This device is simultaneously for organic farming and for relaxation.

Despite the obvious benefits and advantages of aquaponics in the field of obtaining environmentally friendly products, this way of obtaining quality food has not received proper attention and spread in Russia.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Aquaponics: Method of combined breeding of fish and plants in a system with recycled water supply without use of soil.

Project Activity: Unique activity having a beginning and an end in time is sent to the achievement of beforehand certain result/of aim, creation of certain, unique product or service.

Research Competence: Quality of personality, totality of knowledge, valued orientations, necessities and experience of research activity showing up in readiness and ability to execute the functions of her subject.

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