Current Aspects and Prospects of ICT in the Arab Higher Education Sector: Literature Review

Current Aspects and Prospects of ICT in the Arab Higher Education Sector: Literature Review

Ali Sharaf Al Musawi (Sultan Qaboos University, Oman)
Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 22
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-1984-5.ch001
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Abstract

This chapter offers a brief overview of the current status of formal governmental support for technology integration in the higher education sectors in different countries in the Arab World, in addition to presenting some major initiatives started and implemented in some of the Arab states. Several distinguished initiatives in the Arab countries are reviewed to reflect on the strategies in higher education institutions. The policies and strategies that regulate technology implementation in these countries are described. Analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and challenges is conducted. Implications are drawn from the different experiences. The chapter suggests solutions that are required to overcome the weaknesses by presenting thoughts for creative improvements in the future with emphasis on training and infrastructure aspects. Moreover, solutions and recommendations as suggested by the research are summarized in fields of implementation in education.
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Background

In this section, examples of the extensive Arab countries’ efforts in terms of adopting ICT will be presented to highlight the current status in this field. The following description focuses on each country’s government initiatives establishing ICT in their respective countries and what this looks like for the higher education institutions. The countries are presented in four distinctive regions that include the Gulf, West Asia, and North African countries respectively. It is important to note that the following summary is not comprehensive, but rather offers an overall idea of some of the important aspects in each country.

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