Cyber Bullying Behaviours

Cyber Bullying Behaviours

Lucy R. Betts (Nottingham Trent University, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-5888-2.ch661
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Background

Interest in understanding victimisation experiences and bullying behaviours was initially prompted by Olweus’ work in the 1970s and subsequently by the wealth of research evidence that has reported longitudinal relationships between experiences of bullying and wellbeing (e.g., Renda, Vassallo, & Edwards, 2011; Sinclair et al., 2012; Wolke, Copeland, Angold, & Costello, 2013). Together, these studies have suggested that negative consequences may occur for those individuals who engage in bullying behaviour and those who experience victimisation. Therefore, because of the reported association between bullying and psychosocial adjustment, a number of researchers and educational practitioners have sought to understand the various forms of bullying behaviours that individuals engage in. Bullying behaviours have been conceptualised as: (a) Direct attacks on an individual including verbal attacks, physical attacks, and non-verbal exclusion from social relationships and (b) indirect attacks on the individual such as damaging reputations (see Hawker & Boulton, 2000). Consequently, victimisation experiences can be considered to be verbal, physical, or social.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Indirect Bullying: Involves isolating the victim of bullying from their social world and often occurs without their knowledge.

Cyber Bully: An individual who uses technology to carry out acts of bullying.

Direct Bullying: Involves an act of bullying that the victims is aware of and can be observed.

Bullying: A series of aggressive acts directed towards an individual who is often weaker in some way than the person carrying out the act. The aggressive acts can take many forms.

Cyber Bullying: An act of bullying that can take many forms but involves the use of technology.

Victim: An individual who the acts of bullying are directed towards.

Bash Boards: An online bulletin board or chat room where users can anonymously post messages.

Victimisation: The experience of receiving acts of bullying.

Psychosocial Adjustment: A reflection of an individual’s psychological wellbeing that is influenced by their experiences in the social arena.

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