Cyber Laws for Preventing Cyber Crimes Against Women in Canada

Cyber Laws for Preventing Cyber Crimes Against Women in Canada

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-830-9.ch006
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Abstract

This chapter gives an overview of laws related to cyber crimes against in general and women in particular. Though there are no specific laws that were developed to mitigate crimes against women in cyber space, Canadian laws of physical space govern the cyber space crimes well. The various issues that are discussed in this chapter are: Cyber nonsexual offences against women and regulating laws in Canada, Online Stalking and related offences, Online harassment through modification of digital contents and misusing the same, Offensive communication against women, Cyber defamatory libel against women, Cyber hate propaganda against women and legal situation, Responsibilities of the ISPs, Cyber privacy and related offences against women, Regulating cyber sexual offences for women in Canada, and the problem of Obscenity and regulating laws.
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6.1 Introduction

The Canadian scenario differs from the US in issues of laws on cyber crime. Canada lacks a consolidated Information technology law. The Canadian cyber crime against women scenario differs from the UK as well. It was interesting to note that even though Canada has followed British Penal system (which was a model since the late 19th century for almost all the English colonies as well as modern commonwealth countries like India, Australia etc) for covering offline as well as online crimes, the Canadian socio-legal approach towards generalizing various types of cyber crimes is quite similar to that of the US. Canada has no gender sensitive laws for cyber crimes like that of Women’s Reauthorization Act of the US to regulate cyber stalking against women. But at the same time, the governmental efforts to spread awareness through police handbooks about cyber victimization serve similar purposes to a great extent. Notably, Canada lacks statistical data on victimization of women in the cyber space. Hence, in this segment we have tried to analyze the trends of victimization of women in the cyber space only from a legal perspective.

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